27 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural mechanisms of modulations of empathy and altruism by beliefs of others’ pain

    Taoyu Wu, Shihui Han
    Beliefs of others’ pain provide a cognitive basis of human empathy and altruism by modulating empathic brain activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bundle-specific associations between white matter microstructure and Aβ and tau pathology in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease

    Alexa Pichet Binette et al.
    White matter microstructure alterations in key bundles affected in Alzheimer's disease are related to amyloid and tau pathology in the preclinical phase of sporadic and autosomal-dominant Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting on prosociality in corvids

    Lisa Horn et al.
    A systematic experimental comparison of prosocial behavior in eight corvid species reveals sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting, thereby adding important new insights regarding the evolution of prosociality.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Topological constraints in early multicellularity favor reproductive division of labor

    David Yanni et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that reproductive specialization is strongly favored in sparse networks of cellular interactions that reflect the morphology of early multicellular organisms, even when benefits of specialization are saturating.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Matlab-based toolbox for characterizing behavior of rodents engaged in string-pulling

    Samsoon Inayat et al.
    Analysis methods for video data of rodents engaged in string-pulling behavior have been developed and used to highlight differences in motion profiles of Swiss Webster and C57Bl/6 mice.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Delayed antibiotic exposure induces population collapse in enterococcal communities with drug-resistant subpopulations

    Kelsey M Hallinen et al.
    Collapse of bacterial communities containing antibiotic-resistant and susceptible cells can be driven by increased population size or delayed drug exposure.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nucleolar dynamics and interactions with nucleoplasm in living cells

    Christina M Caragine et al.
    The nucleoplasm surrounding nucleoli in living cells plays a key role in nucleolar dynamics and shape fluctuations in vivo.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mating Behavior: When structure meets function

    Sarah A Signor
    A new study upturns the long-held belief that in fruit flies, the yellow gene determines sex-specific behaviors by acting in the brain.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Molecular function limits divergent protein evolution on planetary timescales

    Mariam M Konaté et al.
    Orthologous proteins that continuously maintain the same molecular function do not usually diverge beyond a certain level of sequence and structural similarity.
    1. Neuroscience

    The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex computes task-invariant relative subjective value for self and other

    Matthew Piva et al.
    Activity in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex encodes relative subjective value in a common neural code across decision-making for self and other and across tasks with divergent cognitive requirements.

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