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    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory motor neurons are local oscillators for backward locomotion

    Shangbang Gao et al.
    Motor neurons are rhythm generators for backward locomotion.
    1. Neuroscience

    The causal role of the somatosensory cortex in prosocial behaviour

    Selene Gallo et al.
    A combination of human imaging and brain stimulation techniques show that the somatosensory cortex is essential to prosocial decision making, by transforming observed pain in accurate perception of others' distress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pro-social behavior in rats is modulated by social experience

    Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal et al.
    Rats show socially selective helping behavior based on familiarity with the type of rat, but not necessarily the individual rat.
  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
  2. Research: Theory, models and biology

    Wenying Shou et al.
    Theoretical ideas have a rich history in many areas of biology, and new theories and mathematical models have much to offer in the future.
    Editorial
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mating Behavior: When structure meets function

    Sarah A Signor
    A new study upturns the long-held belief that in fruit flies, the yellow gene determines sex-specific behaviors by acting in the brain.
    Insight
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    1. Neuroscience

    A theory of working memory without consciousness or sustained activity

    Darinka Trübutschek et al.
    Visual information can be maintained in non-conscious working memory for several seconds via short-term changes in synaptic weights.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics

    Jason W Olejarz et al.
    A mathematical model predicts the precise conditions for natural selection to favor the evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Matlab-based toolbox for characterizing behavior of rodents engaged in string-pulling

    Samsoon Inayat et al.
    Analysis methods for video data of rodents engaged in string-pulling behavior have been developed and used to highlight differences in motion profiles of Swiss Webster and C57Bl/6 mice.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting on prosociality in corvids

    Lisa Horn et al.
    A systematic experimental comparison of prosocial behavior in eight corvid species reveals sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting, thereby adding important new insights regarding the evolution of prosociality.