420 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    nNOS-expressing interneurons control basal and behaviorally evoked arterial dilation in somatosensory cortex of mice

    Christina T Echagarruga et al.
    The diameter of cortical arteries is not controlled by the overall neural activity, but rather by a subset of specialized neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A physicochemical perspective of aging from single-cell analysis of pH, macromolecular and organellar crowding in yeast

    Sara N Mouton et al.
    In mitotically aging yeast cells, the cytosol acidifies, the distances between the organellar membranes decrease dramatically, but crowding on the scale of the average size protein is relatively stable.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cadherin preserves cohesion across involuting tissues during C. elegans neurulation

    Kristopher M Barnes et al.
    A coordinated tissue movement during C. elegans central nervous system internalization reveals a novel role for HMR-1/cadherin in maintaining cohesion, and extends the concept of neurulation beyond vertebrates.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ribosomal profiling during prion disease uncovers progressive translational derangement in glia but not in neurons

    Claudia Scheckel et al.
    Cell-type-specific ribosome profiling during prion disease progression identified minor translational changes in neurons as well as profound glia changes many of which are shared with other neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory LTD triggers presynaptic remodeling via protein synthesis and ubiquitination

    Hannah R Monday et al.
    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory long-term depression (LTD) relies on both protein synthesis and ubiquitination to elicit structural changes that underlie long-term reduction of GABA release.
    1. Medicine

    Obesity and diabetes as comorbidities for COVID-19: Underlying mechanisms and the role of viral–bacterial interactions

    Ilja L Kruglikov et al.
    Dysfunctionaladipose tissue puts obese and type 2 diabetic patients at higher risk.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations of specific cortical GABAergic circuits underlie abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome

    Javier Zorrilla de San Martin et al.
    Distinct intrinsic excitability and synaptic dysfunctions in specific cortical inhibitory circuits lead to abnormal network activity in a mouse model of Down syndrome.
    1. Medicine

    Direct reprogramming of human smooth muscle and vascular endothelial cells reveals defects associated with aging and Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome

    Simone Bersini et al.
    Direct reprogramming of smooth muscle cells from HGPS patients revealed that BMP4 is a key contributor of vascular degeneration and might represent a new therapeutic target.

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