1,025 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Local processing in neurites of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells differentially organizes visual information

    Jen-Chun Hsiang et al.
    Neurite arbors of VGluT3-expressing amacrine cells (VG3-ACs) process visual information locally uniformly detecting object motion while varying in contrast preferences; and in spite of extensive overlap between arbors of neighboring cells population activity in the VG3-AC plexus encodes stimulus positions with subcellular precision.
    1. Neuroscience

    An excitatory amacrine cell detects object motion and provides feature-selective input to ganglion cells in the mouse retina

    Tahnbee Kim et al.
    The mouse visual system is able to detect small moving objects due to the activity of VG3-amacrine cells, an unusual type of modulatory cell that uses the transmitter glutamate to activate retinal output cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Live cell-lineage tracing and machine learning reveal patterns of organ regeneration

    Oriol Viader-Llargués et al.
    A combination of live cell tracking, cell-lineage tracing and machine learning shows that injured sensory organs repair accurately regardless of the extent of damage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ciliary and rhabdomeric photoreceptor-cell circuits form a spectral depth gauge in marine zooplankton

    Csaba Verasztó et al.
    In a zooplankton larva, ciliary and rhabdomeric photoreceptor cells work antagonistically to form a spectral depth gauge.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cell lineage and cell cycling analyses of the 4d micromere using live imaging in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii

    B Duygu Özpolat et al.
    Lineage tracing at single-cell resolution reveals the presence of mesoteloblasts, the embryonic origin of mesodermal growth zone cells, and diverse cell cycling patterns of these lineages in the 'Polychaete' annelid Platynereis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural Connectivity: Self-awareness in the retina

    Andrew M Garrett, Robert W Burgess
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    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus-dependent recruitment of lateral inhibition underlies retinal direction selectivity

    Qiang Chen et al.
    Synapse-specific genetic manipulations show that distinct GABAergic inputs are differentially recruited to encode motion direction in the retina in a stimulus-dependent manner.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology

    Quantitative 3D-imaging for cell biology and ecology of environmental microbial eukaryotes

    Sebastien Colin et al.
    Three-dimensional fluorescence imaging of microbial eukaryotes in environmental samples allows accurate automated taxonomic profiling and quantitative data about ultrastructures and interactions of organisms.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Protocadherin-dependent dendritic self-avoidance regulates neural connectivity and circuit function

    Dimitar Kostadinov, Joshua R Sanes
    Patterning of dendrites by protocadherin-dependent self-avoidance and self/non-self discrimination is required for proper function of a retinal circuit that computes the direction of motion.

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