4,296 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Dynamics of mTORC1 activation in response to amino acids

    Maria Manifava et al.
    Activation by amino acids causes mTORC1 to translocate transiently to the lysosomal surface.
    1. Cell Biology

    A stress assembly that confers cell viability by preserving ERES components during amino-acid starvation

    Margarita Zacharogianni et al.
    Amino-acid starvation leads to the formation of a reversible stress assembly, the Sec body, which is a pro-survival reservoir for components of the ER exit sites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The E3 ubiquitin ligase ZNRF2 is a substrate of mTORC1 and regulates its activation by amino acids

    Gerta Hoxhaj et al.
    The ZNRF2 enzyme helps the mTOR protein complex to sense amino acid levels and regulate mammalian cell growth.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific non-canonical amino acid labelling identifies changes in the de novo proteome during memory formation

    Harrison Tudor Evans et al.
    Quantitative de novo proteomics paired with in vivo cell-specific non-canonical amino acid labelling identified several spatial long-term memory-induced changes in protein synthesis in hippocampal neurons.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conformational dynamics in TRPV1 channels reported by an encoded coumarin amino acid

    Ximena Steinberg et al.
    Single-molecule measurement of conformational dynamics using a genetically encoded fluorescent probe suggests that the selectivity filter region of TRPV1 channels undergoes dynamic motion during agonist activation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Single-amino acid variants reveal evolutionary processes that shape the biogeography of a global SAR11 subclade

    Tom O Delmont et al.
    An in-depth metagenomic analysis of possibly the most abundant and widespread microbial lineage in the surface ocean teases apart evolutionary processes that maintain its genomic heterogeneity and biogeography.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Coevolution-based inference of amino acid interactions underlying protein function

    Victor H Salinas, Rama Ranganathan
    A deep mutational coupling study demonstrates the ability of sequence coevolution methods to reveal the pattern of amino acid interactions underlying protein function.
    1. Cell Biology

    Translation in amino-acid-poor environments is limited by tRNAGln charging

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    Amino acid limitation triggers preferential uncharging of glutamine-specific tRNAs and depletes polyglutamine tract-containing proteins from mammalian cells, revealing a potential role for polyglutamine tracts as sensors of glutamine sufficiency.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    SLC6A14, an amino acid transporter, modifies the primary CF defect in fluid secretion

    Saumel Ahmadi et al.
    Loss of an amino acid transporter and tissue depletion of nitric oxide worsens the intestinal function of CF mice, a finding that potentially explains variation in disease severity amongst CF individuals.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.

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