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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the head-trunk interface in tetrapod vertebrates

    Elizabeth M Sefton et al.
    Both gill musculature and the evolutionarily conserved cucullaris muscle are derived from unsegmented mesoderm adjacent to the first 3 somites, extending the posterior limit of cranial mesoderm.
    1. Ecology

    Regularities in species’ niches reveal the world’s climate regions

    Joaquín Calatayud et al.
    Similarities in climatic niches of terrestrial vertebrates indicate the Earth's climate regions, which differ among groups and from previous plant-based climate classifications.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    In-silico analysis of myeloid cells across the animal kingdom reveals neutrophil evolution by colony-stimulating factors

    Damilola Pinheiro et al.
    In-silico modeling of gene and protein emergence reveals how colony-stimulating factors contributed to the evolution and functional adaptions observed in mammalian neutrophils.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Ingression-type cell migration drives vegetal endoderm internalisation in the Xenopus gastrula

    Jason WH Wen, Rudolf Winklbauer
    The cellular behaviours that underlie the internalization of the multilayered endoderm anlage in Xenopus laevis link the ancestral mode of vertebrate gastrulation to common, epithelial-based mechanisms of gastrulation in non-vertebrate animals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genetic transformation of Spizellomyces punctatus, a resource for studying chytrid biology and evolutionary cell biology

    Edgar M Medina et al.
    Spizellomycespunctatusis a genetically tractable chytrid and model organism for comparative cell biology for understanding evolution of the cell cycle, actin dynamics, and cellularization in fungi and early eukaryotes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ca2+ sensor synaptotagmin-1 mediates exocytosis in mammalian photoreceptors

    Justin J Grassmeyer et al.
    The vesicular Ca2+ sensor synaptotagmin-1 regulates both fast phasic and slow tonic glutamate release at ribbon synapses of rod and cone photoreceptor cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    WNT signaling memory is required for ACTIVIN to function as a morphogen in human gastruloids

    Anna Yoney et al.
    The requirement for WNT signaling in mesendoderm differentiation is temporally separate from that of ACTIVIN signaling and acts to switch the output of ACTIVIN/SMAD2 from pluripotency maintenance to mesendoderm patterning.
    1. Developmental Biology

    NEIL1 and NEIL2 DNA glycosylases protect neural crest development against mitochondrial oxidative stress

    Dandan Han et al.
    NEIL DNA glycosylases are required to counteract oxidative base damages within the mitochondrial genome to safeguard neural crest cell differentiation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A robust transcriptional program in newts undergoing multiple events of lens regeneration throughout their lifespan

    Konstantinos Sousounis et al.
    Organ regeneration ensures undisturbed genetic activity even during ageing and repeated insults.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    ZCWPW1 is recruited to recombination hotspots by PRDM9 and is essential for meiotic double strand break repair

    Daniel Wells et al.
    ZCWPW1 has co-evolved with PRDM9, in particular the PRDM9-SET domain, and although not involved in PRDM9's role in positioning recombination events, it is required for PRDM9's role in pairing chromosomes.