344 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Environmental fluctuations reshape an unexpected diversity-disturbance relationship in a microbial community

    Christopher P Mancuso et al.
    Laboratory experiments using a microbial community and mathematical modeling reveal how environmental disturbances can predictably alter the diversity and composition of an ecosystem.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A prion accelerates proliferation at the expense of lifespan

    David M Garcia et al.
    In its capacity to switch into a heritable, prionogenic form, a conserved RNA-modifying enzyme epigenetically alters fundamental growth, aging, and protein synthesis properties of eukaryotic cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Linker histone H1.8 inhibits chromatin binding of condensins and DNA topoisomerase II to tune chromosome length and individualization

    Pavan Choppakatla et al.
    Linker histone H1.8 shapes mitotic chromosomes by tuning the number and size of condensin-dependent DNA loops and suppressing condensin and DNA topoisomerase II-dependent individualization.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Uniparental nuclear inheritance following bisexual mating in fungi

    Vikas Yadav et al.
    Discovery of a novel mode of sexual reproduction, termed pseudosexual reproduction, in fungi where both parents are required for mating but only one contributes to the meiotic progeny, similar to hybridogenesis in animals.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Niche partitioning facilitates coexistence of closely related honey bee gut bacteria

    Silvia Brochet et al.
    Experiments in gnotobiotic bees and culture tubes can recapitulate gut microbiota coexistence patterns observed in nature.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mutational sources of trans-regulatory variation affecting gene expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Fabien Duveau et al.
    Mapping mutations affecting gene expression within the yeast genome and within a gene regulatory network reveals properties of the raw material for regulatory variation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Host-associated microbe PCR (hamPCR) enables convenient measurement of both microbial load and community composition

    Derek S Lundberg et al.
    hamPCR is a cost-effective and transformative amplicon sequencing strategy to describe microbiota composition and measure its overall abundance, applicable to all samples in which host and microbial DNA are co-extracted.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Loss of N1-methylation of G37 in tRNA induces ribosome stalling and reprograms gene expression

    Isao Masuda et al.
    Biochemical and genome-wide analysis demonstrates that m1G37 is important for tRNA aminoacylation and for the entire elongation cycle of protein synthesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Superspreaders drive the largest outbreaks of hospital onset COVID-19 infections

    Christopher JR Illingworth et al.
    Outbreaks of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in a hospital environment show evidence of superspreading, with 80% of infections caused by 21% of infected individuals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Within-host evolutionary dynamics of seasonal and pandemic human influenza A viruses in young children

    Alvin X Han et al.
    The longer duration of seasonal influenza virus infection in young children may provide opportunities for within-host evolution as a result of maintenance of genetic diversity through mutation-selection balance.

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