119 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based discovery of fiber-binding compounds that reduce the cytotoxicity of amyloid beta

    Lin Jiang et al.
    By using structural methods to screen compounds for their ability to interact with amyloid beta, researchers have identified small molecules that stabilize amyloid fibers and reduce the toxic effect of smaller aggregates on cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for the disaggregase activity and regulation of Hsp104

    Alexander Heuck et al.
    Protein disaggregases employ two mechanically-linked ATPase rings that are under steric control by a wrapped-around coiled-coil belt.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Alzheimer’s Disease: The two shapes of the Tau protein

    Jeffery W Kelly
    Tau proteins can convert from an inert shape to a misfolded shape that seeds the growth of fibers that contribute to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of presenilin function is associated with a selective gain of APP function

    Carole Deyts et al.
    Amyloid precursor protein expression and accumulation of its intracellular fragment are required for exuberant neurite outgrowth associated with pathological presenilin 1 loss-of-function mutations before the emergence of amyloid burden in mice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cross-talk between individual phenol-soluble modulins in Staphylococcus aureus biofilm enables rapid and efficient amyloid formation

    Masihuz Zaman, Maria Andreasen
    Inter-molecular cross-seeding between phenol-soluble modulins facilitates rapid and efficient self-assembly in Staphylococcus aureus biofilms revealing a complex molecular interplay between distinct phenol-soluble modulins orchestrating functional amyloid formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic substrate identification indicates a central role for the metalloprotease ADAM10 in axon targeting and synapse function

    Peer-Hendrik Kuhn et al.
    The metalloprotease ADAM10 modulates axon and synapse function by cleaving numerous synaptic and axonal membrane proteins in the central nervous system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Plasma proteomic biomarker signature of age predicts health and life span

    Toshiko Tanaka et al.
    Analysis of proteomic data identified protein biomarkers of aging, mortality and aging-related diseases, supporting their use to monitor aging trajectories and identify individuals at higher risk of disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Impaired retrograde transport of axonal autophagosomes contributes to autophagic stress in Alzheimer’s disease neurons

    Prasad Tammineni et al.
    Amyloid-β oligomers associated with Alzheimer’s disease interact with dynein motors to impair retrograde transport of autophagic vesicles in neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    miR-142 orchestrates a network of actin cytoskeleton regulators during megakaryopoiesis

    Elik Chapnik et al.
    miR-142 is instrumental for actin homeostasis, and its loss disrupts the cytoskeleton organization and thrombopoiesis of megakaryocytes.

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