410 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sustained TNF-α stimulation leads to transcriptional memory that greatly enhances signal sensitivity and robustness

    Zuodong Zhao et al.
    Sustained TNF-α induction consolidates transcriptional memory for faster, stronger, and more sensitive subsequent induction in an active DNA demethylation-dependent manner for memory genes including CALCB, a therapeutic target for migraine.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A mammalian Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis controls the cytoskeleton and confers cellular properties required for alveologenesis

    Kuan Zhang et al.
    Regulation of cellular properties such as ligand secretion and migratory ability through changes in the cytoskeleton mediated by a Wnt5a–Ror2–Vangl2 axis is a major determinant of alveolar formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Polymerization of misfolded Z alpha-1 antitrypsin protein lowers CX3CR1 expression in human PBMCs

    Srinu Tumpara et al.
    Finding that circulating Z alpha-1 antitrypsin polymers, a feature of ZZ AAT deficiency, lower the expression of CX3CR1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells encourages more detailed analyses on different circulating misfolded proteins and their role on immune cell surveillance/function.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Identification of abscission checkpoint bodies as structures that regulate ESCRT factors to control abscission timing

    Lauren K Williams et al.
    Cytoplasmic bodies sequester important abscission machinery to delay completion of cytokinesis in response to mitotic errors.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Anti-PD-1 immunotherapy leads to tuberculosis reactivation via dysregulation of TNF-α

    Liku B Tezera et al.
    Immune checkpoint inhibition therapy for cancer paradoxically activates tuberculosis infection, and advanced human cell culture modelling demonstrates excess TNF-α section is the primary driver.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The adhesion-GPCR BAI1 shapes dendritic arbors via Bcr-mediated RhoA activation causing late growth arrest

    Joseph G Duman et al.
    The adhesion-GPCR BAI1 shapes dendritic arbors in the hippocampus by associating with Bcr late in development and stimulating its RhoA-GEF activity, resulting in dendritic growth arrest.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A population of innate myelolymphoblastoid effector cell expanded by inactivation of mTOR complex 1 in mice

    Fei Tang et al.
    A novel population of hematopoietic cells unmasked by mTORC1 inactivation reveals a new mechanism of innate immune tolerance and a new consequence of defective hematopoiesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential requirement of kindlin-3 for T cell progenitor homing to the non-vascularized and vascularized thymus

    Federico Andrea Moretti et al.
    T cell progenitor homing into the thymus requires kindlin-3 to stabilize their adhesion to vascular integrin ligands when blood flow velocities and shear rates increase during development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The tardigrade damage suppressor protein binds to nucleosomes and protects DNA from hydroxyl radicals

    Carolina Chavez et al.
    Dsup, a unique protein found only in tardigrades, is a nucleosome-binding protein that protects DNA from damage by hydroxyl radicals, such as those generated by ionizing radiation or oxidants.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Trogocytosis-associated cell to cell spread of intracellular bacterial pathogens

    Shaun Steele et al.
    Live intracellular bacterial pathogens can transfer from infected cells to uninfected macrophages upon cell-to-cell contact.

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