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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based inhibitors of amyloid beta core suggest a common interface with tau

    Sarah L Griner et al.
    Aβ inhibitors effectively block its aggregation, while also reducing seeding of tau aggregation from Aβ, tau, and AD derived fibrils, suggesting the two share a structurally related disease relevant interface.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ensemble cryoEM elucidates the mechanism of insulin capture and degradation by human insulin degrading enzyme

    Zhening Zhang et al.
    Integrative structural analyses of human insulin degradingenzyme (IDE) reveal how IDE selectively degrades peptides that form toxicaggregates, which guides IDE-based therapeutic innovations to treat diabetesand Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    APP and APLP2 interact with the synaptic release machinery and facilitate transmitter release at hippocampal synapses

    Tomas Fanutza et al.
    A naturally occurring intracellular peptide, derived by processing the Alzheimer's protein APP, reduces synaptic transmission by acting as a dominant negative of APP.
    1. Neuroscience

    Clearance of beta-amyloid is facilitated by apolipoprotein E and circulating high-density lipoproteins in bioengineered human vessels

    Jerome Robert et al.
    Modelling beta-amyloid deposition in bioengineered human vessels represents a notable advance to further investigate the role of the vasculature in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Endoplasmic reticulum-associated SKN-1A/Nrf1 mediates a cytoplasmic unfolded protein response and promotes longevity

    Nicolas J Lehrbach, Gary Ruvkun
    SKN-1A/Nrf1 promotes healthy aging by activating protein degradation in response to accumulation of misfolded proteins.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure-based discovery of fiber-binding compounds that reduce the cytotoxicity of amyloid beta

    Lin Jiang et al.
    By using structural methods to screen compounds for their ability to interact with amyloid beta, researchers have identified small molecules that stabilize amyloid fibers and reduce the toxic effect of smaller aggregates on cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Convergent organization of aberrant MYB complex controls oncogenic gene expression in acute myeloid leukemia

    Sumiko Takao et al.
    Definition of leukemia gene expression mechanisms reveals general principles of cancer gene control and offers a pharmacologic strategy for its therapeutic reprogramming.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse brain transcriptome responses to inhaled nanoparticulate matter differed by sex and APOE in Nrf2-Nfkb interactions

    Amin Haghani et al.
    Transcriptome analysis of mouse brain revealed that the APOE4 allele and sex can alter air pollution neurotoxicity in adults.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presenilin mutations deregulate mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis and metabolic activity causing neurodegeneration in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Shaarika Sarasija et al.
    In C. elegans, presenilin functions, independent of its gamma-secretase proteolytic activity, to regulate mitochondrial metabolism by controlling ER-mitochondrial calcium transfer and, even in the absence of Abeta signaling, loss of this activity leads to neurodegeneration.