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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Determining composition of micron-scale protein deposits in neurodegenerative disease by spatially targeted optical microproteomics

    Kevin C Hadley et al.
    STOMP is a technique that can determine the proteomic composition of any feature that is identifiable by laser scanning microscopy and is at least one cubic micron in size.
    1. Neuroscience

    Metabolic stress is a primary pathogenic event in transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans expressing pan-neuronal human amyloid beta

    Emelyne Teo et al.
    Metabolic defects following expression of Aβ1-42 in nematode neurons are partially caused by inactivation of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and can be rescued by Metformin.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mouse aging cell atlas analysis reveals global and cell type-specific aging signatures

    Martin Jinye Zhang et al.
    Comprehensive single-cell transcriptome analysis reveals global and tissue-specific aging markers and characterizes the heterogeneous aging status of different cell types and tissues in mouse.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fibrillar Aβ triggers microglial proteome alterations and dysfunction in Alzheimer mouse models

    Laura Sebastian Monasor et al.
    APPPS1 microglia express disease-associated proteomic signatures of Alzheimer's disease earlier, compared to the APP-KI, and these differences correlate with the levels of fibrillar Aβ and impaired microglial phagocytic function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin binds to the human amyloid β peptide and favors the formation of distinct oligomers

    Hansen Wang et al.
    The cyclic neuropeptide somatostatin binds to human Aβ1-42 through an interface that critically relies on a specific tryptophan, thereby blocking the propensity of Aβ to aggregate, a critical step in the pathobiology of Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    FcγRIIb-SHIP2 axis links Aβ to tau pathology by disrupting phosphoinositide metabolism in Alzheimer's disease model

    Tae-In Kam et al.
    By binding to Fc gamma receptor IIb, amyloid beta induces a series of phosphorylation events that mediate the damaging effects of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tissue Engineering: Building a better blood-brain barrier

    Courtney Lane-Donovan, Joachim Herz
    A new three-dimensional model of the blood-brain barrier can be used to study processes that are involved in neurodegenerative diseases.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of presenilin function is associated with a selective gain of APP function

    Carole Deyts et al.
    Amyloid precursor protein expression and accumulation of its intracellular fragment are required for exuberant neurite outgrowth associated with pathological presenilin 1 loss-of-function mutations before the emergence of amyloid burden in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pathogenic PS1 phosphorylation at Ser367

    Masato Maesako et al.
    PS1 phosphorylation at Ser367 is the potential hyperactivity-driven culprit of pathogenic change in PS1 conformation in vitro and in vivo.