84 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit-dependent ROS feedback loop mediates glutamate excitotoxicity to sculpt the Drosophila motor system

    Jhan-Jie Peng et al.
    Glutamate excitotoxicity induces a circuit-dependent ROS feedback loop to alter motor system integrity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular Pgk1 enhances neurite outgrowth of motoneurons through Nogo66/NgR-independent targeting of NogoA

    Cheng Yung Lin et al.
    The amount of secreted Pgk1 is sharply decreased in Rtn4al/NogoA-overexpressed muscle cells, leading to various manifestations of neurodegenerative disease, including denervated neuromuscular junction and failed neurite outgrowth of motoneurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Critical roles of ARHGAP36 as a signal transduction mediator of Shh pathway in lateral motor columnar specification

    Heejin Nam et al.
    Shh, produced by postmitotic spinal neurons, plays crucial roles in the specification of the lateral motor column of the spinal cord through ARHGAP36.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Expression of WIPI2B counteracts age-related decline in autophagosome biogenesis in neurons

    Andrea KH Stavoe et al.
    The dynamic phosphorylation of autophagy component WIPI2B is critical to maintain autophagosome biogenesis in neurons, and ectopic expression of WIPI2B can restore rates of autophagosome biogenesis in aged neurons.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-aa supports hair cell survival by regulating mitochondrial function

    Mroj Alassaf et al.
    Hair cell survival and mitochondrial function is supported by an extracellular stimulator of IGF1 signaling, the protease pregnancy-associated plasma protein-aa.
    1. Neuroscience

    Glycolysis upregulation is neuroprotective as a compensatory mechanism in ALS

    Ernesto Manzo et al.
    Degenerating motor neurons compensate for energetic deficits by upregulating glycolysis in flies and humans, with increased glucose availability improving locomotor function and lifespan in flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    One bout of neonatal inflammation impairs adult respiratory motor plasticity in male and female rats

    Austin D Hocker et al.
    A single neonatal inflammatory event induces long-term impairments in two forms of adult respiratory motor plasticity, an important aspect of the control of breathing for compensation after injury or disease.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The RNA helicase UPF1 associates with mRNAs co-transcriptionally and is required for the release of mRNAs from gene loci

    Anand K Singh et al.
    UPF1 associates with nascent transcripts and plays a broad role in nuclear processes of gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial SIRPα regulates the emergence of CD11c+ microglia and demyelination damage in white matter

    Miho Sato-Hashimoto et al.
    A cell-cell contact between microglial SIRPα and CD47 on neighboring cells is a critical module for phase conversion of microglia in the brain white matter and controls demyelination.

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