202 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Evolution of irreversible somatic differentiation

    Yuanxiao Gao et al.
    Irreversible differentiation into somatic cells is evolutionarily optimal if changing cell phenotype is costly, a few somatic cells already improve the organism's performance, and the organism is large enough.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple introductions of multidrug-resistant typhoid associated with acute infection and asymptomatic carriage, Kenya

    Samuel Kariuki et al.
    Carriage of MDR S. Typhi H58 sublineages that also cause acute disease provides understanding of the transmission dynamics of typhoid fever and maintenance of local pathogen populations in Kenya children.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Misic, a general deep learning-based method for the high-throughput cell segmentation of complex bacterial communities

    Swapnesh Panigrahi et al.
    A broadly applicable deep-learning based method that recognizes rod-shaped bacteria of virtually any species in complex bacterial communities.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    PGFinder, a novel analysis pipeline for the consistent, reproducible, and high-resolution structural analysis of bacterial peptidoglycans

    Ankur V Patel et al.
    PGFinder is an open-source software dedicated to the analysis of peptidoglycan mass spectrometry data that paves the way for peptidoglycomics.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In situ imaging of bacterial outer membrane projections and associated protein complexes using electron cryo-tomography

    Mohammed Kaplan et al.
    Electron cryo-tomography reveals that bacteria can form structurally-diverse outer membrane extensions with various protein complexes associated with them.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glycolytic preconditioning in astrocytes mitigates trauma-induced neurodegeneration

    Rene Solano Fonseca et al.
    Promoting a Warburg-like shift in astrocytic metabolism through reduced mitochondrial electron transport accommodates the energetic burden caused by brain trauma without overwhelming cellular respiration and redox to salvage dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Niche partitioning facilitates coexistence of closely related honey bee gut bacteria

    Silvia Brochet et al.
    Experiments in gnotobiotic bees and culture tubes can recapitulate gut microbiota coexistence patterns observed in nature.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Hypoxia triggers collective aerotactic migration in Dictyostelium discoideum

    Olivier Cochet-Escartin et al.
    Cell assemblies can use environmental cues created by their own respiration, such as oxygen gradients, to collectively guide themselves to more favorable locations in a remarkably robust and long-lasting way.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel decoy strategy for polymyxin resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii

    Jaeeun Park et al.
    Outer membrane vesicles serve as decoys to reduce the chance of direct polymyxin B (PMB) binding to cells, which partly explains why many clinical isolates and microbial communities can be protected against PMB treatment.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    NirD curtails the stringent response by inhibiting RelA activity in Escherichia coli

    Loïc Léger et al.
    Genetic and biochemical approaches uncover a novel mode of regulation of the alarmone synthetase RelA through a functional and direct interaction with the small subunit of the nitrite reductase NirD.

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