824 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Connectional asymmetry of the inferior parietal lobule shapes hemispheric specialization in humans, chimpanzees, and rhesus macaques

    Luqi Cheng et al.
    Humans showed the most widespread asymmetric connectivity between the inferior parietal lobule subregions and the rest of the brain compared to macaques and chimpanzees, which shapes hemispheric specialization in primates.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterizing functional pathways of the human olfactory system

    Guangyu Zhou et al.
    Human primary olfactory cortical regions can be parcellated into anatomically distinct areas based on whole-brain functional connectivity profiles, suggesting distinct, parallel functional pathways in the human olfactory system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Structural and functional properties of a probabilistic model of neuronal connectivity in a simple locomotor network

    Andrea Ferrario et al.
    A new probabilistic model of connectivity reveals the structural and functional properties of the neural networks controlling locomotion in many individual tadpoles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional subregions of the human entorhinal cortex

    Anne Maass et al.
    By employing high-field fMRI to measure connectivity with the hippocampus and adjacent parahippocampal structures within the medial temporal lobe, it is shown that the entorhinal cortex can be divided into anterior-lateral and posterior-medial subregions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical and functional organization of the human substantia nigra and its connections

    Yu Zhang et al.
    The human substantia nigra can be parcellated into three subdivisions that subserve emotional, cognitive and somatomotor function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dichotomous organization of amygdala/temporal-prefrontal bundles in both humans and monkeys

    Davide Folloni et al.
    Amygdala/temporal-prefrontal cortex fibers are organised in separate amygdalofugal and uncinate bundles in humans and macaques, shaping the anatomical foundation for decision-making and socio-emotional behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    A high-throughput neurohistological pipeline for brain-wide mesoscale connectivity mapping of the common marmoset

    Meng Kuan Lin et al.
    A systematic high-throughput neurohistological and computational pipeline for marmoset which establishes a foundational setup in brain mapping and circuit tracing to support current and emerging research in primate studies.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Altered corticolimbic connectivity reveals sex-specific adolescent outcomes in a rat model of early life adversity

    Jennifer A Honeycutt et al.
    Early life adversity led to hyper-innervation from the basolateral amygdala to the prefrontal cortex earlier in females than males and disrupted maturation of functional connectivity, which predicted anxiety-like outcomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Automatic discovery of cell types and microcircuitry from neural connectomics

    Eric Jonas, Konrad Kording
    An algorithm for analysing brain connectivity data identifies cell types and connections in simple (C. elegans) and complex (mouse) nervous systems, and can even resolve structure and connectivity in a man-made microprocessor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modular output circuits of the fastigial nucleus for diverse motor and nonmotor functions of the cerebellar vermis

    Hirofumi Fujita et al.
    Medial cerebellar nucleus comprises five major types of excitatory projection neurons differentially connected with specific subsets of inferior olive neurons, Purkinje cells, and somatomotor, oromotor, positional-autonomic, orienting and arousal circuits.

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