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    1. Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Kallikrein-kinin blockade in patients with COVID-19 to prevent acute respiratory distress syndrome

    Frank L van de Veerdonk et al.
    The kinin-kallikrein system is a crucial target for the treatment of COVID-19.
    1. Plant Biology

    An N-terminal motif in NLR immune receptors is functionally conserved across distantly related plant species

    Hiroaki Adachi et al.
    The MADA motif is functionally conserved across NLRs from distantly related plants and has degenerated in sensor NLRs over evolutionary time.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Soluble PD-L1 generated by endogenous retroelement exaptation is a receptor antagonist

    Kevin W Ng et al.
    An ancient integration of an endogenous retroelement in the gene encoding PD-L1 is exapted to generate a soluble form that antagonises the suppressive function of the membrane-bound form.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The adhesion-GPCR BAI1 shapes dendritic arbors via Bcr-mediated RhoA activation causing late growth arrest

    Joseph G Duman et al.
    The adhesion-GPCR BAI1 shapes dendritic arbors in the hippocampus by associating with Bcr late in development and stimulating its RhoA-GEF activity, resulting in dendritic growth arrest.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bacterial fumarase and L-malic acid are evolutionary ancient components of the DNA damage response

    Esti Singer et al.
    The dual function of an ancient prokaryotic enzyme, which is linked to specific metabolite signals, may have been the evolutionary driving force behind its dual localization in eukaryotes.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Long-term live imaging of the Drosophila adult midgut reveals real-time dynamics of division, differentiation and loss

    Judy Lisette Martin et al.
    A new platform for imaging live Drosophila adults yields vivid movies of the midgut over prolonged time scales, opening the door to the real-time study of organ renewal dynamics in a near-native context.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective attenuation of Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents by endogenous acetylcholine reduces spike-frequency adaptation and network correlation

    Edward D Cui, Ben W Strowbridge
    Acetylcholine, a common modulator in the brain, controls spike-frequency adaptation by specifically attenuating Ether-a-go-go related K+ currents, thereby explaining many cortical network statistical changes often observed in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Anisotropic organization of circumferential actomyosin characterizes hematopoietic stem cells emergence in the zebrafish

    Mylene Lancino et al.
    Emergence of hematopoietic stem cells from an aortic component is a unique phenomenon of cell extrusion, with no equivalent in cell biology, and which is adapted to environmental constraints exerted by endothelial cells and hemodynamics forces.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Electrostatic anchoring precedes stable membrane attachment of SNAP25/SNAP23 to the plasma membrane

    Pascal Weber et al.
    A step of contact establishment preceding stable membrane attachment by palmitoylation is identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    A saturation hypothesis to explain both enhanced and impaired learning with enhanced plasticity

    TD Barbara Nguyen-Vu et al.
    Learning capacity depends on a dynamic interplay between the brain’s ability to change the strength of its synapses and the history of activity at those synapses.