660 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Psychomotor impairments and therapeutic implications revealed by a mutation associated with infantile Parkinsonism-Dystonia

    Jenny I Aguilar et al.
    A dopamine transporter deficiency syndrome (DTDS)-linked mutation, R445C, underlies dopamine dysfunction and, more broadly, the clinical phenotypes shared by DTDS and Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Developmental Biology

    HDAC1 SUMOylation promotes Argonaute-directed transcriptional silencing in C. elegans

    Heesun Kim et al.
    HDAC SUMOylation promotes the association of other chromatin remodeling factors with the nuclear Argonaute WAGO-9, which is required for de novo heterochromatin silencing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    De novo macrocyclic peptides dissect energy coupling of a heterodimeric ABC transporter by multimode allosteric inhibition

    Erich Stefan et al.
    By random nonstandard peptide integrated discovery, combinatorial macrocyclic peptides were leavaged that target a heterodimeric ABC transport complex and explore fundamental principles of the substrate translocation cycle.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Morphological and genomic shifts in mole-rat ‘queens’ increase fecundity but reduce skeletal integrity

    Rachel A Johnston et al.
    In cooperatively breeding Damaraland mole-rats, transitioning to 'queen' results in extensive gene regulatory and morphological remodeling, but also costs to skeletal integrity that scale with reproductive investment.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Protomer alignment modulates specificity of RNA substrate recognition by Ire1

    Weihan Li et al.
    Biochemical analysis and computational modeling reveal how cells mechanistically control the quality of their proteomes and demonstrate that the precise alignment of subunits in oligomeric complexes can profoundly affect enzymatic properties.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural determinants of voltage-gating properties in calcium channels

    Monica L Fernández-Quintero et al.
    Structure modeling, site-directed mutagenesis, and current recordings revealed the mechanism by which stabilization of voltage sensors in the resting and activated states determines the gating properties of the CaV1.1 calcium channel.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane binding controls ordered self-assembly of animal septins

    Agata Szuba et al.
    Nanoscaleimaging reveals that animal septins form dense filamentous networks on biomimeticlipid membranes, explaining how septins may regulate cell surface rigidity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CM1-driven assembly and activation of yeast γ-tubulin small complex underlies microtubule nucleation

    Axel F Brilot et al.
    Cryo-EM structures reveal that the conserved CM1 motif drives γTuRC assembly by bridging adjacent γTuSC.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Proteomic and transcriptomic profiling reveal different aspects of aging in the kidney

    Yuka Takemon et al.
    mRNA profiling alone provides an incomplete picture of molecular aging and examination of changes in proteins is essential to understand aging processes that are not transcriptionally regulated.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of HIV-1 gp41 with its membrane anchors targeted by neutralizing antibodies

    Christophe Caillat et al.
    The structure of gp41with its membrane anchors highlights the flexible linkage of the transmembrane regions and the fuson peptides, which generates an asymmetric conformation, a potential target of MPER bNAbs.

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