1,223 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Age-dependent electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns during sevoflurane general anesthesia in infants

    Laura Cornelissen et al.
    Alpha EEG oscillations emerge at 4 months of age during sevoflurane general anesthesia, and unlike in adults, have a widespread spatial distribution that likely reflects differences in brain development.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural signatures of α2-Adrenergic agonist-induced unconsciousness and awakening by antagonist

    Jesus Javier Ballesteros et al.
    Instant performance recovery is possible following general anesthesia-induced unconsciousness using antagonist, and the brain dynamics return abruptly to the awake state without intermediate recovery states.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanistic insights into volatile anesthetic modulation of K2P channels

    Aboubacar Wague et al.
    The volatile anesthetic isoflurane directly binds to the transmembrane domains of the TREK1 channel to allosterically modulate its function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disruption of thalamic functional connectivity is a neural correlate of dexmedetomidine-induced unconsciousness

    Oluwaseun Akeju et al.
    Patterns of communication between the thalamus and the cortex are correlated with anesthesia-induced loss of consciousness and recovery.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Recovery of consciousness and cognition after general anesthesia in humans

    George A Mashour et al.
    Cognitive reconstitution after pharmacologic unconsciousness is an extended process, executive function is more robust than expected, and the healthy human brain is resilient to the effects of deep general anesthesia.
    1. Neuroscience

    A transient cortical state with sleep-like sensory responses precedes emergence from general anesthesia in humans

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    Intracranial recordings of human brain activity during awakening from general anesthesia exhibit a brief brain state not seen during loss of consciousness, in which stimuli elicit large electrophysiological responses that resemble those seen in sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural effects of propofol-induced unconsciousness and its reversal using thalamic stimulation

    André M Bastos et al.
    Understanding how general anesthesia changes neural dynamics in the cortex and thalamus can lead to its safer use and shed light on the nature of consciousness.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Analysis of stochastic fluctuations in responsiveness is a critical step toward personalized anesthesia

    Andrew R McKinstry-Wu et al.
    Responses to anesthetics differ among individuals and fluctuate stochastically despite constant drug concentration, however, the amount of noise driving transitions between the responsive and the unresponsive state is conserved.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Therapeutic inhibition of keratinocyte TRPV3 sensory channel by local anesthetic dyclonine

    Qiang Liu et al.
    Identifying and understanding that local anesthetic dyclonine targets TRPV3 channels will help to conceive therapeutic interventions.
    1. Neuroscience

    An electrophysiological marker of arousal level in humans

    Janna D Lendner et al.
    Non-oscillatory brain activity can be used to monitor arousal levels during both NREM and REM sleep as well as under general anesthesia with propofol.

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