85 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Quantitative proteomic analysis reveals posttranslational responses to aneuploidy in yeast

    Noah Dephoure et al.
    Aneuploidy produces a protein expression signature characteristic of altered metabolism and redox homeostasis, and the loss of UBP6 ameliorates several aneuploidy-associated phenotypes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Aneuploidy as a cause of impaired chromatin silencing and mating-type specification in budding yeast

    Wahid A Mulla et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that purely quantitative changes in the relative copy number of chromosomes can be sufficient to disrupt the epigenetic mechanisms that define the cells' differentiated state.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Further support for aneuploidy tolerance in wild yeast and effects of dosage compensation on gene copy-number evolution

    Audrey P Gasch et al.
    Many natural isolates of budding yeast carry extra chromosome copies and show lower-than-expected expression at a subset of amplified genes, which show unique evolutionary signatures.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    BubR1 alterations that reinforce mitotic surveillance act against aneuploidy and cancer

    Robbyn L Weaver et al.
    Strengthening of spindle assembly checkpoint activity and attachment error correction through BubR1 manipulation preserves genomic integrity and protects against tumor formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome mis-segregation and cytokinesis failure in trisomic human cells

    Joshua M Nicholson et al.
    Aneuploidy can cause chromosome mis-segregation and specific cellular phenotypes driven by expression of genes on the extra chromosome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dosage compensation can buffer copy-number variation in wild yeast

    James Hose et al.
    Dosage-compensated gene expression facilitates chromosomal aneuploidy, which presents a rapid route to phenotypic evolution in natural yeast isolates.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sister kinetochore splitting and precocious disintegration of bivalents could explain the maternal age effect

    Agata P Zielinska et al.
    Multiple age-related changes in chromosome architecture could explain why human oocyte aneuploidy increases with advanced maternal age.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Successful transmission and transcriptional deployment of a human chromosome via mouse male meiosis

    Christina Ernst et al.
    Transmission of an entire human chromosome through the mouse male germline reveals an unexpectedly high tolerance of aneuploidy during male meiosis and results in accurate transcriptional deployment despite massive epigenetic remodeling during spermatogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Ribosomal protein S27-like is a physiological regulator of p53 that suppresses genomic instability and tumorigenesis

    Xiufang Xiong et al.
    The ribosomal protein, Rps27l, plays an oncogenic role by promoting p53 degradation via stabilizing the Mdm2-Mdm4 complex, but a tumor suppressor role by preventing the aneuploidy and loss of p53 heterozygosity.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Non-invasive detection of urothelial cancer through the analysis of driver gene mutations and aneuploidy

    Simeon U Springer et al.
    The creation of a non-invasive assay for detecting urothelial cancer could have a profound impact on how we find and treat the disease.

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