18 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Anillin facilitates septin assembly to prevent pathological outfoldings of central nervous system myelin

    Michelle S Erwig et al.
    Mature myelin sheaths are scaffolded by the anillin-dependent assembly of septin filaments, thereby facilitating rapid nerve conduction in the healthy CNS.
    1. Cell Biology

    CHIP as a membrane-shuttling proteostasis sensor

    Yannick Kopp et al.
    The mechanism is revealed that connects the protein degradation machinery to cellular membrane-bound compartments during proteostasis stress in mammalian cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Remodeling of lumbar motor circuitry remote to a thoracic spinal cord injury promotes locomotor recovery

    Ying Wang et al.
    Retrograde transport of NT-3 stimulated the reorganization of lumbar neural circuitry and synaptic connectivity remote to a thoracic SCI, along with improved behavioral recovery.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Kinesin superfamily protein Kif26b links Wnt5a-Ror signaling to the control of cell and tissue behaviors in vertebrates

    Michael W Susman et al.
    Kif26b, a new component of the evolutionarily conserved Wnt5a-Ror signaling pathway, is controlled by regulated proteolysis and plays crucial roles in mediating vertebrate embryonic tissue morphogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Fatty acid remodeling by LPCAT3 enriches arachidonate in phospholipid membranes and regulates triglyceride transport

    Tomomi Hashidate-Yoshida et al.
    LPCAT3 incorporates arachidonic acid into membrane phospholipids, which promotes lipoprotein assembly by enabling triacylgylcerols to cluster in the membrane.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Aberrant subchondral osteoblastic metabolism modifies NaV1.8 for osteoarthritis

    Jianxi Zhu et al.
    Osteoblastic PGE2 induces pain and OA progression by NaV1.8 modification and serves as a potential target multiple skeletal pain and degenerations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septin/anillin filaments scaffold central nervous system myelin to accelerate nerve conduction

    Julia Patzig et al.
    A newly identified component in the architecture of the axon/myelin-unit – the septin/anillin scaffold – maintains the structure of myelin in the central nervous system, thereby preventing myelin outfoldings.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Lipid accumulation controls the balance between surface connection and scission of caveolae

    Madlen Hubert et al.
    Caveolae sense the membrane lipid composition, which influences their dynamic behavior at the cell surface.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Targeting senescent cells enhances adipogenesis and metabolic function in old age

    Ming Xu et al.
    Senescent cells contribute to age-related fat dysfunction and can directly impair healthy fat progenitor function, in part, via the secretion of activin A.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Time-resolved studies define the nature of toxic IAPP intermediates, providing insight for anti-amyloidosis therapeutics

    Andisheh Abedini et al.
    Toxic IAPP intermediates have some molecular features that are similar to, and others that are distinct from, toxic species reported for other amyloidogenic polypeptides.

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