31 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    New learning while consolidating memory during sleep is actively blocked by a protein synthesis dependent process

    Roi Levy et al.
    The brain inhibits the formation of new memories just after waking to safeguard the ongoing stabilization of existing memories during sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Physiological and pathophysiological control of synaptic GluN2B-NMDA receptors by the C-terminal domain of amyloid precursor protein

    Paula A Pousinha et al.
    The APP intracellular domain (AICD) physiologically regulates synaptic GluN2B-containing NMDA receptor current, a process that could contribute to pathological Alzheimer's disease-related synaptic failure upon increase of AICD levels in adult neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Enhancement of fear memory by retrieval through reconsolidation

    Hotaka Fukushima et al.
    Retrieval enhances fear memory through reconsolidation by activating calcineurin-induced protein degradation and CREB-mediated gene expression in amygdala, hippocampus, and mPFC.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of the scanning and engaged states of the mammalian SRP-ribosome complex

    Rebecca M Voorhees, Ramanujan S Hegde
    Structures of the signal recognition particle before and after it captures a transmembrane domain suggest how it chooses, engages, and shields its clients during membrane protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ring finger protein 10 is a novel synaptonuclear messenger encoding activation of NMDA receptors in hippocampus

    Margarita C Dinamarca et al.
    A protein called RNF10 relays messages from synapses to neuron cell nuclei, and is responsible for long-lasting modifications of dendritic spines as observed after activation of synaptic glutamate receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal neurogenesis enhancers promote forgetting of remote fear memory after hippocampal reactivation by retrieval

    Rie Ishikawa et al.
    Forgetting of remote fear memory is promoted by increased hippocampal neurogenesis only after hippocampal reactivation by long time memory retrieval.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reinstatement of long-term memory following erasure of its behavioral and synaptic expression in Aplysia

    Shanping Chen et al.
    Storage of long-term memory in Aplysia does not require stable synapses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Active presynaptic ribosomes in the mammalian brain, and altered transmitter release after protein synthesis inhibition

    Matthew S Scarnati et al.
    Local presynaptic protein synthesis occurring at established nerve terminals in the mammalian brain provides a mechanism for rapidly controlling or restoring presynaptic proteins that affect neurotransmitter release and presynaptic efficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational regulation of protrusion-localized RNAs involves silencing and clustering after transport

    Konstadinos Moissoglu et al.
    RNAs enriched at cell protrusions are translated regardless of their location in the cytoplasm but are dynamically repressed in retracting protrusions and incorporated into heterogeneous RNA clusters.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of protein synthesis and DNA methylation in the consolidation and maintenance of long-term memory in Aplysia

    Kaycey Pearce et al.
    Behavioral and synaptic investigations of long-term memory in Aplysia reveal differing roles for DNA methylation, protein synthesis during training and protein synthesis shortly after training with respect to memory consolidation and maintenance.

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