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    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Antagonism between parasites within snail hosts impacts the transmission of human schistosomiasis

    Martina R Laidemitt et al.
    Interactions among parasites in snails create cascading effects on their transmission and highlight that biodiversity has complex, context-dependent and important effects on human schistosomiasis transmission dynamics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Non-canonical antagonism of PI3K by the kinase Itpkb delays thymocyte β-selection and renders it Notch-dependent

    Luise Westernberg et al.
    Antagonistic signaling by the kinases PI3K and Itpkb limits the kinetics and enforces the Notch-dependence of beta-selection – the most important cell-fate determining process in alpha beta T cell development.
    1. Cell Biology

    STK25 suppresses Hippo signaling by regulating SAV1-STRIPAK antagonism

    Sung Jun Bae et al.
    Phosphorylation-dependent regulation of SAV1-STRIPAK antagonism by STK25.
    1. Plant Biology

    A fungal member of the Arabidopsis thaliana phyllosphere antagonizes Albugo laibachii via a GH25 lysozyme

    Katharina Eitzen et al.
    A basidiomycete yeast closely related to fungal smuts is an antagonistic microbe in the Arabidopsis leaf phyllosphere that inhibits infection by Albugo laibachii via a GH25 hydrolase with lysozyme activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insight into the activation of a class B G-protein-coupled receptor by peptide hormones in live human cells

    Lisa Seidel et al.
    Agonist and antagonist peptides of the corticotropin-releasing factor receptor type 1 adopt different folds and stabilize distinct conformations of the receptor transmembrane domain, which involves tilting of helices VI and VII around conserved glycine hinges.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deciphering the combinatorial landscape of immunity

    Antonio Cappuccio et al.
    The immune Synergistic/Antagonistic Interaction Learner (iSAIL) resource has the capacity to generate insight into combinatorial immunity, help guide hypothesis generation and further experimentation relevant to basic research and drug therapeutics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ

    Yang Zhang et al.
    Identifying xanthohumol and its derivatives as PPARγ anatagonists provides new insight into how natural compounds beneficially treat obesity and metabolic syndrome, and provide new compounds for therapeutic development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Shaping of inner ear sensory organs through antagonistic interactions between Notch signalling and Lmx1a

    Zoe F Mann et al.
    A dynamic confrontation between Notch signalling and the transcription factor Lmx1a at the borders of the developing inner ear sensory patches regulates their segregation and the positioning of their boundaries.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Synergistic and antagonistic drug interactions in the treatment of systemic fungal infections

    Morgan A Wambaugh et al.
    Identification and exploitation of interactions between the antifungal drug fluconazole and FDA- approved drugs has the potential to improve treatment for patients with difficult-to-treat systemic fungal infections.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Conserved functional antagonism of CELF and MBNL proteins controls stem cell-specific alternative splicing in planarians

    Jordi Solana et al.
    A conserved alternative splicing program is specific to planarian stem cells and is controlled by the highly conserved splicing factors CELF and MBNL; therefore, this mode of regulating stem cells is likely ancestral to all animals.