200 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Paranoia as a deficit in non-social belief updating

    Erin J Reed et al.
    Paranoia is underwritten by variation in prior beliefs about how the world will change and how to learn from those changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different neuronal populations mediate inflammatory pain analgesia by exogenous and endogenous opioids

    Xin-Yan Zhang et al.
    Exogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in glutamatergic neurons, whereas endogenous opioid analgesia is mediated by MORs expressed in GABAergic neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microstructural organization of human insula is linked to its macrofunctional circuitry and predicts cognitive control

    Vinod Menon et al.
    In vivo quantitative analysis of multi-shell diffusion MRI reveals novel insights into microstructure of human insular cortex and its functional circuits associated with the salience network and cognitive control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-type specific innervation of cortical pyramidal cells at their apical dendrites

    Ali Karimi et al.
    The composition of inhibitory and excitatory synaptic inputs to the apical dendrites of pyramidal cells in mouse cortex is specific to the type of pyramidal cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupil-linked phasic arousal predicts a reduction of choice bias across species and decision domains

    Jan Willem de Gee et al.
    Across species and domains of decision-making, pupil-linked phasic arousal predicts suppression biases in the accumulation of evidence leading up to a choice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupil diameter encodes the idiosyncratic, cognitive complexity of belief updating

    Alexandre LS Filipowicz et al.
    Pupil-linked arousal dynamics are influenced more strongly by high-level internal belief states than by low-level sensory events during decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-fat diet enhances starvation-induced hyperactivity via sensitizing hunger-sensing neurons in Drosophila

    Rui Huang et al.
    Fruit flies fed with high-fats diets are hyper-sensitive to a hunger hormone AKH and exhibit enhanced food-seeking behavior when starved.
    1. Neuroscience

    Retrieval practice facilitates memory updating by enhancing and differentiating medial prefrontal cortex representations

    Zhifang Ye et al.
    Retrieval practice strongly engages the medial prefrontal cortex to integrate and differentiate memory representations, resulting in more effective memory updating.
    1. Neuroscience

    A critical re-evaluation of fMRI signatures of motor sequence learning

    Eva Berlot et al.
    A systematic assessment of previously proposed fMRI metrics of motor sequence learning reveals widespread activity reductions and subtle multivariate pattern changes outside of primary motor cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic modulation of the exploration/exploitation trade-off in human decision-making

    Karima Chakroun et al.
    Dopamine attenuates exploration during decision-making via a reduction of neural tracking of uncertainty.

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