1,410 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Antibiotic-induced population fluctuations and stochastic clearance of bacteria

    Jessica Coates et al.
    The extinction of bacterial populations by antibiotics is stochastic and can be predicted only probabilistically, not deterministically.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantifying antibiotic impact on within-patient dynamics of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase resistance

    Rene Niehus et al.
    A data-driven within-host model reveals that different antibiotics are associated with divergent effects on antibiotic resistance carriage and abundance in hospitalised patients, with important implications for antibiotic stewardship.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary stability of collateral sensitivity to antibiotics in the model pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Camilo Barbosa et al.
    Evolutionary trade-offs enhance efficacy of antibiotic therapy by constraining bacterial adaptation in dependence of drug order and trade-off effect size.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced changes in the microbiota disrupt redox dynamics in the gut

    Aspen T Reese et al.
    Disturbing the microbiota with antibiotics alters gut redox state via changes in electron acceptor availability, setting the stage for post-antibiotic succession.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The antibiotic bedaquiline activates host macrophage innate immune resistance to bacterial infection

    Alexandre Giraud-Gatineau et al.
    The anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline reprograms human macrophages into potent bactericidal phagocytes, which are able to control bacterial infection.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The distribution of antibiotic use and its association with antibiotic resistance

    Scott W Olesen et al.
    Population-level antibiotic resistance correlates with the breadth of antibiotic use, that is, the proportion of people taking an antibiotic, better than with intensity of use the amount of use among users.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid decline of bacterial drug-resistance in an antibiotic-free environment through phenotypic reversion

    Anett Dunai et al.
    Drug-resistance declines in the laboratory in an antibiotic stress-free environment, indicating that restricting antimicrobial usage in the clinics could be a useful policy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    An adjunctive therapy administered with an antibiotic prevents enrichment of antibiotic-resistant clones of a colonizing opportunistic pathogen

    Valerie J Morley et al.
    Cholestyramine, an FDA-approved bile acid sequestrant, can be repurposed to inactivate the antibiotic daptomycin in the gut, which prevents the emergence of transmissible antibiotic resistance in gastrointestinal Enterococcus faecium populations.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced acceleration of type 1 diabetes alters maturation of innate intestinal immunity

    Xue-Song Zhang et al.
    Alteration of host gut microbiota by antibiotic exposure in early life remodeled host intestinal immune development and metabolism and enhanced the induction of type 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed animals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribosomal mutations promote the evolution of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug environment

    James E Gomez et al.
    Mutations in several components of a bacterial ribosome are shown to broadly decrease antibiotic and stress sensitivity, and readily accessible reversion mutations allow these ribosomal mutations to serve as stepping stones to high level antibiotic resistance.

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