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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inter-species population dynamics enhance microbial horizontal gene transfer and spread of antibiotic resistance

    Robert M Cooper et al.
    Killing their neighbors allows bacteria to steal genes, including antibiotic resistance genes, which we observed under a microscope, quantified, modeled, and predicted potentially guiding strategies to combat it.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    High potency of sequential therapy with only β-lactam antibiotics

    Aditi Batra et al.
    Sequential therapy with only β-lactam antibiotics achieves surprisingly high potency by exploiting both low rates of spontaneous resistance emergence and low rates of spontaneous cross-resistance among the drugs in sequence.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Highly parallelized droplet cultivation and prioritization of antibiotic producers from natural microbial communities

    Lisa Mahler et al.
    This microscale cultivation strategy will help in the discovery of novel bacterial species and their prioritization for antibiotic screening campaigns.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary pathways to antibiotic resistance are dependent upon environmental structure and bacterial lifestyle

    Alfonso Santos-Lopez et al.
    Bacteria growing in biofilms evolve antimicrobial resistance via different pathways and generate greater genetic diversity than well-mixed populations, selecting fitter but less resistant genotypes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The role of interspecies recombination in the evolution of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci

    Joshua C D'Aeth et al.
    Selection by national-level antibiotic consumption and vaccination trends drives atypical recombinations, frequently resulting in interspecies sequence exchange at many sites across a bacterial species’ chromosome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The roles of history, chance, and natural selection in the evolution of antibiotic resistance

    Alfonso Santos-Lopez et al.
    Selection imposed by antibiotics may dominate evolutionary forces acting on opportunistic pathogens like Acinetobacter baumannii, yet chance effects and a prior history in biofilm may constrain resistance and impose collateral sensitivities.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Delayed antibiotic exposure induces population collapse in enterococcal communities with drug-resistant subpopulations

    Kelsey M Hallinen et al.
    Collapse of bacterial communities containing antibiotic-resistant and susceptible cells can be driven by increased population size or delayed drug exposure.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Droplet-based high-throughput cultivation for accurate screening of antibiotic resistant gut microbes

    William J Watterson et al.
    High-throughput droplet-based cultivation of gut microbes reduces biases of traditional cultivation strategies and thereby enables detection of difficult-to-culture organisms, which is required in applications such as antibiotic screening.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcription inhibition by the depsipeptide antibiotic salinamide A

    David Degen et al.
    Salinamide A exerts antibacterial activity by binding to the bridge-helix cap of bacterial RNA polymerase and allosterically inhibiting nucleotide addition
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metapopulation ecology links antibiotic resistance, consumption, and patient transfers in a network of hospital wards

    Julie Teresa Shapiro et al.
    Patterns of antibiotic use and the connectivity between wards are independently associated with the incidence of antimicrobial-resistant infections in hospital networks.