1,028 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Systemic hypoxia inhibits T cell response by limiting mitobiogenesis via matrix substrate-level phosphorylation arrest

    Amijai Saragovi et al.
    Systemic hypoxia model reveals the detrimental effect of hypoxia on mitochondrial biogenesis in activated T-cells and points at a new approach for improving viral resistance in patients with respiratory diseases.
    1. Medicine

    Loss of adaptive capacity in asthmatic patients revealed by biomarker fluctuation dynamics after rhinovirus challenge

    Anirban Sinha et al.
    Fluctuation of biomarkers is a novel way of studying system stability during stable and unstable states of health and disease, revealing the systems' ability to cope with external perturbations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Enhanced insulin signalling ameliorates C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion toxicity in Drosophila

    Magda L Atilano et al.
    Modulation of insulin signalling could be an effective therapeutic approach against hexanucleotide repeat expansion related to c9ALS/FTD neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Anti-ferroptotic mechanism of IL4i1-mediated amino acid metabolism

    Leonie Zeitler et al.
    IL4i1 is an amino acid oxidase expressed in the mammalian immune system and snake venoms, which control diametrically opposite cell protection versus cell death pathways, respectively.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Progenitors oppositely polarize WNT activators and inhibitors to orchestrate tissue development

    Irina Matos et al.
    Progenitors establish a single-cell length WNT morphogen gradient to transmit signals directionally and differentially to neighbors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Actomyosin regulation by Eph receptor signaling couples boundary cell formation to border sharpness

    Jordi Cayuso et al.
    Boundary cell identity and sharpening of borders are coupled in hindbrain development since both are regulated by mechanical tension.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Matrix metalloproteinase 1 modulates invasive behavior of tracheal branches during entry into Drosophila flight muscles

    Julia Sauerwald et al.
    Tracheal-derived matrix metalloproteinase 1 activity sustains tracheal branch invasion into myotubes by modulating ECM properties and dynamic behavior of sprouting tip cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Primary cilia deficiency in neural crest cells models anterior segment dysgenesis in mouse

    Céline Portal et al.
    Primary cilia of neural crest-derived cells mediate Indian hedgehog-induced signal transduction in the periocular mesenchyme and are required for normal anterior segment development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    CSF1R blockade induces macrophage ablation and results in mouse choroidal vascular atrophy and RPE disorganization

    Xiao Yang et al.
    Vascular degeneration of the choroid and RPE disorganization were associated with pharmacological macrophage ablation, indicating that insufficiency of macrophage function may be a mechanism underlying age- and AMD-associated pathology.

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