53 results found
    1. Ecology

    Genomic adaptations in information processing underpin trophic strategy in a whole-ecosystem nutrient enrichment experiment

    Jordan G Okie et al.
    Trait-based metagenomic analysis of an ecosystem fertilization experiment shows that genomic traits that affect the costs and rates of biochemical information-processing mediate community assembly.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A single H/ACA small nucleolar RNA mediates tumor suppression downstream of oncogenic RAS

    Mary McMahon et al.
    Cancer-associated changes in small nucleolar RNAs and site-specific pseudouridine modifications impact ribosome activity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Extensive ribosome and RF2 rearrangements during translation termination

    Egor Svidritskiy et al.
    Ensemble cryo-EM visualizes how structural rearrangements poise the newly made protein and release factor RF2 to dissociate in preparation for ribosome recycling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Distinct mechanisms of microRNA sorting into cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicle subtypes

    Morayma M Temoche-Diaz et al.
    Biochemical fractionation of vesicle sub-populations and in vitro reconstitution studies reveal that Lupus La protein mediates the selective sorting of miR-122 into extracellular vesicles in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A tRNA modification balances carbon and nitrogen metabolism by regulating phosphate homeostasis

    Ritu Gupta et al.
    The role of an amino acid-dependent tRNA modification as a nutrient sensor and regulator of metabolic homeostasis has been discovered.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and mutational analysis of the ribosome-arresting human XBP1u

    Vivekanandan Shanmuganathan et al.
    Two integrated approaches shed light on how XBP1 arrest peptide induces intermediate level of translational pausing and identify hotspot positions to make it stronger.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The mechanism of error induction by the antibiotic viomycin provides insight into the fidelity mechanism of translation

    Mikael Holm et al.
    The antibiotic viomycin induces errors during initial codon selection by the ribosome by locking the monitoring bases in their active conformation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translation affects mRNA stability in a codon-dependent manner in human cells

    Qiushuang Wu et al.
    Genomic-profiles and reporters reveal that the three-nucleotide ‘words’ read by the ribosome, codons, have a strong effect on mRNA stability, impacting the homeostatic mRNA and protein levels in human cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Automated cryo-EM structure refinement using correlation-driven molecular dynamics

    Maxim Igaev et al.
    Correlation-driven molecular dynamics provides a fully automated and human-bias-free framework for quantitative interpretation of modern cryo-electron microscopy data.
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response and endoplasmic reticulum protein targeting machineries converge on the stress sensor IRE1

    Diego Acosta-Alvear et al.
    The coordination of protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum and the unfolded protein response through the stress sensor IRE1 ensures quality control of the secreted and transmembrane proteomes.

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