1,548 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    EBI2-mediated bridging channel positioning supports splenic dendritic cell homeostasis and particulate antigen capture

    Tangsheng Yi, Jason G Cyster
    The receptor EBI2 is essential for correctly positioning CD4+ dendritic cells in the spleen so that they can present blood-borne antigens to T cells and thereby provoke an antibody response.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The effects of a deleterious mutation load on patterns of influenza A/H3N2's antigenic evolution in humans

    Katia Koelle, David A Rasmussen
    Deleterious mutations slow down flu's antigenic evolution, make it more punctuated in nature, and reduce the virus's genetic diversity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The antigenic switching network of Plasmodium falciparum and its implications for the immuno-epidemiology of malaria

    Robert Noble et al.
    The first comprehensive analysis of antigenic switching in the malaria-causing parasite Plasmodium falciparum provides new insights into the process that prevents individuals from acquiring immunity to the disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structural basis for germline antibody recognition of HIV-1 immunogens

    Louise Scharf et al.
    Structural and computational analyses of germline antibody/HIV-1 gp120 complexes provide both general principles relevant to the unusual evolution of potent CD4-binding site antibodies and guidelines for structure-based immunogen design.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is captured and displayed for B cell recognition by SIGN-R1+ lymph node macrophages

    Chung Park et al.
    Lymph node gp120 specific B cells extract locally injected HIV-1 gp120 from SIGN-R1 positive macrophages that line the subcapsular sinus overlying the lymph node interfollicular channels.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The inherent mutational tolerance and antigenic evolvability of influenza hemagglutinin

    Bargavi Thyagarajan, Jesse D Bloom
    Deep mutational scanning was used to comprehensively quantify the effects of mutations to influenza hemagglutinin and shows that the virus possesses a high inherent mutational tolerance at key antigenic sites.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Rejection of immunogenic tumor clones is limited by clonal fraction

    Ron S Gejman et al.
    A new, high-throughput in vivo MHC-I peptide minigene library platform shows that the naive immune system cannot eliminate cells presenting immunogenic antigens found at low frequencies within a growing tumor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Measuring the sequence-affinity landscape of antibodies with massively parallel titration curves

    Rhys M Adams et al.
    The absolute affinities of thousands of variant antibodies are measured in parallel using a combination of cell sorting and high-throughput DNA sequencing.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    NaLi-H1: A universal synthetic library of humanized nanobodies providing highly functional antibodies and intrabodies

    Sandrine Moutel et al.
    A fully synthetic library of humanized single domain antibodies yields in vitro high affinity antibodies usable in cell biology and translational projects.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Glycan modification of antigen alters its intracellular routing in dendritic cells, promoting priming of T cells

    Ingeborg Streng-Ouwehand et al.
    Controlled neo-glycosylation of antigens can influence intracellular routing of antigens and the nature and strength of immune response, and should therefore be considered as a major determinant in the design of vaccines against cancer and infectious diseases.

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