334 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The structure of a LAIR1-containing human antibody reveals a novel mechanism of antigen recognition

    Fu-Lien Hsieh, Matthew K Higgins
    The structure of a human antibody in which the variable loops position a human protein LAIR1 for antigen recognition, reveals a novel and indirect mode of antibody function.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally diverse human T cells recognize non-microbial antigens presented by MR1

    Marco Lepore et al.
    MR1T cells are human polyclonal T cells endowed with diverse effector functions in response to endogenous antigens presented by MHC-class 1-related molecule, MR1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Gamma delta T cells recognize haptens and mount a hapten-specific response

    Xun Zeng et al.
    The T-cell receptors of gamma delta (γδ) T cells can recognize and trigger responses to small molecules and are thereby versatile drivers of immunity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Direct single molecule measurement of TCR triggering by agonist pMHC in living primary T cells

    Geoff P O'Donoghue et al.
    Quantitative observations of single-molecule binding between antigen and T cell receptor (TCR) in living primary T cells reveals unbinding kinetics, stoichiometry and signaling molecule recruitment, providing insights into the mechanisms of antigen recognition by the immune system.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The somatically generated portion of T cell receptor CDR3α contributes to the MHC allele specificity of the T cell receptor

    Philippa Marrack et al.
    The alleles of the major histocompatibility complex present in an individual affect the sequences, including, surprisingly, the nongerm line encoded amino acids, of the receptors on T cells that allow recognition of antigens.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Autoimmunity: Treating type-1 diabetes with an epigenetic drug

    Yohko Kitagawa, Naganari Ohkura
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Viral factors in influenza pandemic risk assessment

    Marc Lipsitch et al.
    We identify key strengths and limitations in use of viral genotyping and phenotyping to estimate pandemic risk from influenza A viruses, focusing on 3 traits, hemagglutinin binding specificity, hemagglutinin pH of activation, and polymerase complex efficiency.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Philosophy of Biology: Immunology and individuality

    Thomas Pradeu
    Discussions about biological individuality and immunogenicity continue the long history of dialogue between philosophers and immunologists.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IRF4 haploinsufficiency in a family with Whipple’s disease

    Antoine Guérin et al.
    Autosomal dominant IRF4 deficiency is the first genetic etiology of Whipple's disease, a very rare chronic condition following a rather common infection by Tropheryma whipplei.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.

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