710 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion

    Julia Damiano-Guercio et al.
    Ena/VASP proteins act as positive regulators of cell motility and are required for the formation of microspikes, as opposed to filopodia that can arise from distinct molecular mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synergistic actions of v-SNARE transmembrane domains and membrane-curvature modifying lipids in neurotransmitter release

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Naturally-occurring v-SNARE TMD variants differentially regulate fusion pore dynamics and cooperate with phospholipids in supporting membrane curvature at the fusion pore neck.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    R-spondins engage heparan sulfate proteoglycans to potentiate WNT signaling

    Ramin Dubey et al.
    Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans function as receptors for the R-spondins, a family of growth factors that amplify the strength of WNT signaling during development and in adult stem cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dual histone methyl reader ZCWPW1 facilitates repair of meiotic double strand breaks in male mice

    Mohamed Mahgoub et al.
    The meiotic recombination landscape in vertebrates was re-engineered via the co-evolution of a dual histone H3K4/H3K36 methylation 'writer' PRDM9 and its 'reader' ZCWPW1 that facilitates efficient double strand break repair.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Zebrafish macrophage developmental arrest underlies depletion of microglia and reveals Csf1r-independent metaphocytes

    Laura E Kuil et al.
    Embryonic and definitive macrophages require colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor, whereas non-hematopoietic metaphocytes that resemble macrophages do not, explaining the relative high numbers of putative macrophages in Csf1r-deficient zebrafish.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Heterogeneous T cell motility behaviors emerge from a coupling between speed and turning in vivo

    Elizabeth R Jerison, Stephen R Quake
    Motile interstitial T cells in live zebrafish access a broad range of length-scales due to long-lived cell-intrinsic variation in speed, and a coupling between speed and directional persistence.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Landscape mapping of shared antigenic epitopes and their cognate TCRs of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes in melanoma

    Kenji Murata et al.
    A library of the paired peptide/HLA multimers and artificial APCs allows for construction of a large database of class I-restricted peptides and cognate tumor-reactive TCR genes at an unprecedented scale.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    R-spondin signalling is essential for the maintenance and differentiation of mouse nephron progenitors

    Valerie PI Vidal et al.
    In the developing kidney, secreted molecules of the R-spondin family control progenitor cell proliferation and nephron formation by permitting WNT/β-catenin signalling.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identification of novel, clinically correlated autoantigens in the monogenic autoimmune syndrome APS1 by proteome-wide PhIP-Seq

    Sara E Vazquez et al.
    Humans with mutations in the AIRE gene exhibit common autoantibodies targeting ovarian and intestinal antigens, including intestinal dysfunction-associated antibodies to enteroendocrine transcription factor RFX6.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) by the numbers

    Yinon M Bar-On et al.
    Key numbers about the biology of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the infection of a single human host by the virus have been compiled from the peer-reviewed literature.

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