719 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The contrasting phylodynamics of human influenza B viruses

    Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna et al.
    The analysis of the genomes of two lineages of influenza B virus (Victoria and Yamagata) reveal that their phylodynamics are fundamentally different, and are determined by a complex relationship between virus transmission, age of infection and receptor binding preference.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping person-to-person variation in viral mutations that escape polyclonal serum targeting influenza hemagglutinin

    Juhye M Lee et al.
    Single viral mutations can escape polyclonal human immunity to influenza hemagglutinin, but different mutations escape the immunity of different people.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating influenza antigenic dynamics with molecular evolution

    Trevor Bedford et al.
    Combined antigenic and genetic analysis shows that different strains of the human influenza virus display dramatically different rates of antigenic drift, and that these differences have a significant impact on the number of new infections in each flu season.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Preclinical murine tumor models: a structural and functional perspective

    Marion V Guerin et al.
    Dissecting structural, cellular and molecular differences between transplanted and spontaneous mouse tumor models, highlighting their relevance for predicting the efficacy of anti-cancer treatments in patients.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    In-depth human plasma proteome analysis captures tissue proteins and transfer of protein variants across the placenta

    Maria Pernemalm et al.
    Comprehensive mass spectrometry analysis of human plasma proteome reveals tissue leakage proteins, describes variability between individual plasma proteomes and demonstrates protein transfer across the placenta during pregnancy.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Light-based tuning of ligand half-life supports kinetic proofreading model of T cell signaling

    Doug K Tischer, Orion David Weiner
    Direct control of ligand binding half-life with light shows that lifetime strongly affects T cell signaling.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Retrocopying expands the functional repertoire of APOBEC3 antiviral proteins in primates

    Lei Yang et al.
    Genomes take advantage of the gene-duplicating ability of retroelements to birth novel innate immune defense genes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single cell transcriptomics identifies a unique adipose lineage cell population that regulates bone marrow environment

    Leilei Zhong et al.
    A newly identified adipose lineage cell population, MALP, regulates marrow vasculature and osteogenesis in bone.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High resolution cryo-EM structure of the helical RNA-bound Hantaan virus nucleocapsid reveals its assembly mechanisms

    Benoît Arragain et al.
    Hantaan virus nucleocapsid cryo-EM structure determined at 3.3 Å resolution reveals how nucleoproteins assemble into a metastable helix containing a continuous RNA-binding groove compatible with genome encapsidation and compaction.

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