109 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single regulator NrtR controls bacterial NAD+ homeostasis via its acetylation

    Rongsui Gao et al.
    Functional definition of NrtR and the discovery of its acetylation represents a first paradigm for linking protein acetylation to bacterial central NAD+ metabolism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Massive antibody discovery used to probe structure–function relationships of the essential outer membrane protein LptD

    Kelly M Storek et al.
    Dispensable loops shield the functionally-important extracellular loops of the essential Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane protein LptD from antibody interference.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally diverse human T cells recognize non-microbial antigens presented by MR1

    Marco Lepore et al.
    MR1T cells are human polyclonal T cells endowed with diverse effector functions in response to endogenous antigens presented by MHC-class 1-related molecule, MR1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Subtle selectivity in a pheromone sensor triumvirate desynchronizes competence and predation in a human gut commensal

    Johann Mignolet et al.
    A new cell–cell communication system in Streptococcus salivarius, a human gut commensal, discriminates between close signaling molecules to specifically produce bacteriocin-based antimicrobials and disconnects it from foreign DNA acquisition.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Factors essential for L,D-transpeptidase-mediated peptidoglycan cross-linking and β-lactam resistance in Escherichia coli

    Jean-Emmanuel Hugonnet et al.
    Production of the L,D-transpeptidase YcbB and elevated synthesis of the (p)ppGpp alarmone reveals a new mode of peptidoglycan polymerization that bypasses the D,D-transpeptidase activity of PBPs and leads to broad-spectrum β-lactam resistance in Escherichia coli.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global phenotypic profiling identifies a conserved actinobacterial cofactor for a bifunctional PBP-type cell wall synthase

    Joel W Sher et al.
    A broadly useful phenotypic profiling dataset was generated and used to identify a cofactor required for a polar cell wall synthase in Corynebacterium glutamicum that is conserved throughout the Actinobacteria.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defective lytic transglycosylase disrupts cell morphogenesis by hindering cell wall de-O-acetylation in Neisseria meningitidis

    Allison Hillary Williams et al.
    Lytic transglycosylase enhances the activity of its protein partner, and its catalytic domain can be targeted to disrupt cell-wall integrity, protein partner function, and bacterial survival (Neisseria meningitidis) in hosts.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A secreted Ustilago maydis effector promotes virulence by targeting anthocyanin biosynthesis in maize

    Shigeyuki Tanaka et al.
    A fungal effector secreted by the corn smut pathogen increases the virulence of the pathogen by elevating anthocyanin production and reducing lignification in maize.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytoplasmic retention and degradation of a mitotic inducer enable plant infection by a pathogenic fungus

    Paola Bardetti et al.
    Degradation of a mitotic inducer coordinates the transition of two successive cell cycle arrests during the infective process of a plant pathogenic fungus.

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