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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness effects of altering gene expression noise in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Fabien Duveau et al.
    The impact of changing gene expression noise on fitness reveals beneficial or deleterious effects in a stable environment depending how close the average expression level is to the fitness optimum.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Severe infections emerge from commensal bacteria by adaptive evolution

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Life-threatening S. aureus infections emerge from commensal nose bacteria in association with repeatable adaptive evolution.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structural basis of host recognition and biofilm formation by Salmonella Saf pili

    Longhui Zeng et al.
    SafDAA-SafDAA structure and functional characterizations reveal a pili-mediated inter-cellular oligomerization mechanism for bacterial aggregation and biofilm formation in Salmonella enterica.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interspecies interactions induce exploratory motility in Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Dominique H Limoli et al.
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa coordinates invasion and destruction of Staphylococcus aureus communities by modulating single-cell and collective motility.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PHLPP1 counter-regulates STAT1-mediated inflammatory signaling

    Ksenya Cohen Katsenelson et al.
    Uncovering a mechanism for how inflammatory signaling is opposed by a phosphatase identifies a potential druggable target to treat E. coli sepsis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    An effector of the Irish potato famine pathogen antagonizes a host autophagy cargo receptor

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    A plant pathogen effector evolved a short linear motif to subvert autophagic defenses by antagonising a host cargo receptor.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Oviductal estrogen receptor α signaling prevents protease-mediated embryo death

    Wipawee Winuthayanon et al.
    Cyclic estrogen signaling in oviduct epithelial cells suppresses oviduct luminal protease activity to allow survival and development of preimplantation embryos
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Antibacterial gene transfer across the tree of life

    Jason A Metcalf et al.
    Parallel horizontal gene transfer has spread a bacteriolytic gene family to all domains of life, and has bestowed a niche-transcending adaptation in recipients that must deploy antibacterial molecules to survive in a bacterial world.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Resistome diversity in cattle and the environment decreases during beef production

    Noelle R Noyes et al.
    Interventions in feedlots and abattoirs place selective pressure on the beef cattle resistome, which differentially impacts the public health risk of antimicrobial resistance from beef production sources.