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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comment on 'The distribution of antibiotic use and its association with antibiotic resistance'

    Koen B Pouwels et al.
    We are writing to comment on the recent study by Olesen et al., 2018 on antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The distribution of antibiotic use and its association with antibiotic resistance

    Scott W Olesen et al.
    Population-level antibiotic resistance correlates with the breadth of antibiotic use, that is, the proportion of people taking an antibiotic, better than with intensity of use the amount of use among users.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tuberculosis: Breaking down walls

    Moagi Tube Shaku, Bavesh Davandra Kana
    A better understanding of the mechanisms underpinning the growth of mycobacteria could help identify targets for new antibiotics.
    Insight
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Antibiotics: A new spanner in the works of bacterial transcription

    Kristine B Arnvig, Finn Werner
    Insight
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    1. Plant Biology

    Antimicrobial peptide expression in a wild tobacco plant reveals the limits of host-microbe-manipulations in the field

    Arne Weinhold et al.
    The attempt to manipulate a microbiome in planta to study the ecological consequences under field conditions leaves plants and their microbes surprisingly unimpressed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Transcription factor TFCP2L1 patterns cells in the mouse kidney collecting ducts

    Max Werth et al.
    A combination of genetic and molecular assays revealed that transcription factor Tfcp2l1 provides the basis for cell patterning and physiologic coordination in kidney collecting ducts.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Diverse stimuli engage different neutrophil extracellular trap pathways

    Elaine F Kenny et al.
    NETs induction, a central component of the innate immune response, utilises assorted signalling pathways as demonstrated through the analysis of healthy and patient neutrophils treated with five distinct stimuli.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ribosomal mutations promote the evolution of antibiotic resistance in a multidrug environment

    James E Gomez et al.
    Mutations in several components of a bacterial ribosome are shown to broadly decrease antibiotic and stress sensitivity, and readily accessible reversion mutations allow these ribosomal mutations to serve as stepping stones to high level antibiotic resistance.