53 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of a decade of successful antiretroviral therapy initiated at HIV-1 seroconversion on blood and rectal reservoirs

    Eva Malatinkova et al.
    An early start to long-term antiretroviral therapy limits the size of the HIV-1 reservoir more effectively than treatment that starts later.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 DNA predicts disease progression and post-treatment virological control

    James P Williams et al.
    Measuring HIV-1 DNA levels at the time of stopping antiretroviral therapy (when initiated during primary infection) predicts clinical progression and the time taken for plasma viraemia to become detectable.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral Latency: Down but not out

    Erin T Larragoite, Adam M Spivak
    A new study in monkeys suggests that treating HIV infection early with antiretroviral therapy reduces the number of latent viruses, but has little impact on viral reactivation when treatment stops.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Establishment and stability of the latent HIV-1 DNA reservoir

    Johanna Brodin et al.
    Building on previous work (Zanini et al, 2015), deep-sequencing is used to show that HIV persistence during suppressive antiretroviral therapy, the main hurdle for HIV cure, is due to homeostatic proliferation and longevity of infected cells rather than ongoing virus replication.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 latent reservoir is largely sensitive to circulating T cells

    Joanna A Warren et al.
    HIV-specific T cells remain detectable for years in HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy and importantly, mostly (68%) recognize HIV viruses that have the capacity to rebound following treatment interruption.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV Cure Research: Biomarker reveals HIV's hidden reservoir

    Leslie R Cockerham, Steven G Deeks
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    A stepped-wedge randomised trial on the impact of early ART initiation on HIV-patients’ economic outcomes in Eswatini

    Janina Isabel Steinert et al.
    A stepped-wedge randomised controlled trial shows that early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation does not negatively affect the economic welfare of HIV patients in a low-income country.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Cell Biology

    SARS-CoV-2 requires cholesterol for viral entry and pathological syncytia formation

    David W Sanders et al.
    A high-throughput microscopy screen for drugs that modulate SARS-CoV-2 spike-mediated membrane fusion identifies an essential role for cholesterol in both virus entry and syncytia formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct clonal evolution of B-cells in HIV controllers with neutralizing antibody breadth

    Deniz Cizmeci et al.
    Extended somatic hypermutation and clonal evolution associated with antibody neutralization breath in HIV controllers with low plasma viral loads provide promise for HIV vaccine development.

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