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    1. Neuroscience

    A spinoparabrachial circuit defined by Tacr1 expression drives pain

    Arnab Barik et al.
    A circuit involving Tacr1-expressing neurons in the spinal cord and the parabrachial nucleus controls how mice respond to a wide range of persistently painful stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contribution of dorsal horn CGRP-expressing interneurons to mechanical sensitivity

    Line S Löken et al.
    Although primary sensory neuron-derived calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) contributes to the processing of pain messages, an understudied population of dorsal horn CGRP-expressing interneurons also contributes to the processing of mechanical sensitivity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    HIPPO signaling resolves embryonic cell fate conflicts during establishment of pluripotency in vivo

    Tristan Frum et al.
    HIPPO signaling antagonizes the apical domain of polarized cells, driving cell internalization, regulated gene expression, and cell fate change during formation of pluripotent stem cell progenitors in the mouse embryo.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Two FGFRL-Wnt circuits organize the planarian anteroposterior axis

    M Lucila Scimone et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing identifies an adult regional gene expression map in planarian muscle that includes two FGFRL-Wnt circuits controlling head and trunk tissue pattern.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Core promoter factor TAF9B regulates neuronal gene expression

    Francisco J Herrera et al.
    An orphan TBP-associated factor, TAF9B, works in conjunction with the histone acetyl-transferase PCAF as transcriptional co-regulators of neuronal differentiation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sequentially induced motor neurons from human fibroblasts facilitate locomotor recovery in a rodent spinal cord injury model

    Hyunah Lee et al.
    Sequential introduction of transcription factors enables large-scale generation of induced motor neurons (iMNs) from human somatic cells, and transplantation of iMNs exhibit therapeutic effects in spinal cord injury model.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Malaria-associated atypical memory B cells exhibit markedly reduced B cell receptor signaling and effector function

    Silvia Portugal et al.
    Atypical memory B cells (MBCs) appear to differentiate from classical MBCs during chronic exposure to the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, and may interfere with the acquisition of immunity to the disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Human axial progenitors generate trunk neural crest cells in vitro

    Thomas JR Frith et al.
    Pluripotent stem cell differentiation provides insight into how neural crest subtypes of distinct axial identity are patterned in human embryos.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Metabolic co-dependence drives the evolutionarily ancient Hydra–Chlorella symbiosis

    Mayuko Hamada et al.
    The symbiotic relationship between Hydra and Chlorella is driven by metabolic co-dependence and characterized by changes in the photobiont genome in terms of lack of genes essential in free-living algae.