6 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rampant tooth loss across 200 million years of frog evolution

    Daniel J Paluh et al.
    Teeth are maintained in two amphibian groups (caecilians and salamanders) but were lost in frogs over 20 times independently, a higher incidence of edentulism than any other major vertebrate group.
    1. Ecology

    Positive density dependence acting on mortality can help maintain species-rich communities

    Thomas G Aubier
    Some forms of positive density-dependence can favor species coexistence even if competitive species benefit the most from positive density-dependence.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A β-carotene-binding protein carrying a red pigment regulates body-color transition between green and black in locusts

    Meiling Yang et al.
    Body color change of locusts reveals a new 'palette effect' mechanism by which the red βCBP–β-carotene pigment complex acts as a switch to coordinate between black and green coloration.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The neuropeptide F/nitric oxide pathway is essential for shaping locomotor plasticity underlying locust phase transition

    Li Hou et al.
    Two neuropeptides, NPF1a and NPF2, act via the nitric oxide signaling pathway in the locust brain to regulate the trait transition between solitary and swarming behavior.
    1. Ecology

    The golden mimicry complex uses a wide spectrum of defence to deter a community of predators

    Stano Pekár et al.
    A mimetic complex composed of at least 140 species of ants, wasps, spiders, true bugs and treehoppers, all with conspicuous golden bodies, has been discovered.

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