Axonal arborisation growth is regulated by dynamic, focal localisations of Neurexin and Neuroligin that provide stability for filopodia, enabling a 'stick and grow'-based mechanism, wholly independent of synapse formation.
The internalization of the angiogenic receptor VEGFR2 expressed in neurons is controlled by ephrinB2 and is required for neuronal dendritic arborization, spine morphogenesis and circuitry development in the hippocampus.
Sequential phosphorylation of NDEL1 Ser336/Ser332 by DYRK2 and GSK3β is a novel regulatory step for actin dynamics that contributes to the neurite outgrowth and neuronal arborization in the developing brain.
A continuously expressed LIM HD factor, Lmx1b, acts at successive stages to orchestrate the progressive morphological maturation of a long-range profusely arborized neuromodulatory axonal projection pathway.
The combination of single-cell transcriptomics and whole-brain mapping of bulk and single-cell projections reveals the relationship between the molecular architecture, cell body distribution, and axonal arborization of serotonin neurons.
The organization of layered/laminated axon projections in specific regions of the fruitfly central brain is regulated by short-range repulsive guidance and is critical for local inhibitory circuit formation and function.
Determining that microbiota-deficient mice have increased visceral pain, which can be reversed by restoring microbiota, may lead to novel microbial-based strategies for disorders associated with visceral pain.
Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.