2,005 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sustained TNF-α stimulation leads to transcriptional memory that greatly enhances signal sensitivity and robustness

    Zuodong Zhao et al.
    Sustained TNF-α induction consolidates transcriptional memory for faster, stronger, and more sensitive subsequent induction in an active DNA demethylation-dependent manner for memory genes including CALCB, a therapeutic target for migraine.
    1. Neuroscience

    SpikeInterface, a unified framework for spike sorting

    Alessio P Buccino et al.
    SpikeInterface is an open-source software framework designed to build full analysis pipelines for extracellular recordings in a seamless and reproducible way.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural ordering of the Plasmodium berghei circumsporozoite protein repeats by inhibitory antibody 3D11

    Iga Kucharska et al.
    A comprehensive structural analysis of inhibitory murine antibody 3D11 binding to Plasmodium berghei circumsporozoite protein reveals common mechanisms of antibody evolution in mammals against Plasmodium parasites.
    1. Neuroscience

    The integration of Gaussian noise by long-range amygdala inputs in frontal circuit promotes fear learning in mice

    Mattia Aime et al.
    The frontal associative cortex promotes fear learning by non-linearly integrating Gaussian noise in between conditioning trials with the help of basolateral amygdala inputs.
    1. Neuroscience

    How many neurons are sufficient for perception of cortical activity?

    Henry WP Dalgleish et al.
    Targeted optogenetic activation of small ensembles of neurons is sufficient to trigger a behavioral report while recruiting matched network suppression, suggesting exquisite sensitivity despite network mechanisms that maintain sparseness.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Islet vascularization is regulated by primary endothelial cilia via VEGF-A-dependent signaling

    Yan Xiong et al.
    Primary cilia on endothelial cells are required for VEGF-A/ VEGFR2-dependent signaling, islet vascularization and, consequently, nutrient delivery and insulin disposal.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    16p11.2 microdeletion imparts transcriptional alterations in human iPSC-derived models of early neural development

    Julien G Roth et al.
    A model of in vitro human corticogenesis identifies alterations in gene expression caused by loss of 16p11.2 CNV genes in hiPSC-derived progenitor cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Bisulfite treatment and single-molecule real-time sequencing reveal D-loop length, position, and distribution

    Shanaya Shital Shah et al.
    D-loops are critical intermediates in homologous recombination, and the novel D-loop mapping assay defines position, length, and distribution of D-loops with near base-pair resolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frontal eye field and caudate neurons make different contributions to reward-biased perceptual decisions

    Yunshu Fan et al.
    In monkeys making decisions that balance noisy evidence and reward expectation, frontal cortical and caudate activity reflect different computational components that are related to the monkeys' strategy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Increasing heart vascularisation after myocardial infarction using brain natriuretic peptide stimulation of endothelial and WT1+ epicardial cells

    Na Li et al.
    Brain natriuretic peptide supplementation can increase cardiac neovascularization in infarcted hearts by stimulating endogenous endothelial cell proliferation and proliferation of precursor cells, which will differentiate into endothelial cells.

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