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    1. Neuroscience

    AMPK acts as a molecular trigger to coordinate glutamatergic signals and adaptive behaviours during acute starvation

    Moloud Ahmadi, Richard Roy
    AMP-activated protein kinase directly coordinates glutamatergic signalling during starvation in C. elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    A robust activity marking system for exploring active neuronal ensembles

    Andreas T Sørensen et al.
    A new system for tagging activated neuronal population offers multiple advantages over existing systems based on immediate early genes, including greater sensitivity and specificity, and suitability for easy application in species other than mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeting light-gated chloride channels to neuronal somatodendritic domain reduces their excitatory effect in the axon

    Jessica E Messier et al.
    A high axonal chloride concentration explains why activation of light-gated chloride channels causes neurotransmitter release, and a novel hybrid somatodendritic targeting motif ameliorates this phenomenon and improves their inhibitory function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Precisely timed dopamine signals establish distinct kinematic representations of skilled movements

    Alexandra Bova et al.
    Dopamine signaling gradually causes long-lasting changes in fine motor coordination that can later be activated by acute changes in dopamine neuron activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Flexible motor sequence generation during stereotyped escape responses

    Yuan Wang et al.
    Time-ordered and flexible motor sequences in C.elegans are generated by combining an excitatory feedforward coupling and mutual inhibitions between neurons in different functional modules.
    1. Neuroscience

    An inhibitory gate for state transition in cortex

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Two major subtypes of cortical interneurons, the PV and the SST positive cells, causally contribute to the regulation of large-scale state transitions in the cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary control of sensory adaptation by two types of cortical interneurons

    Ryan G Natan et al.
    Two distinct types of inhibitory neurons increase the brain's sensitivity to unexpected acoustic signals by amplifying selective suppression of cortical responses to frequent, but not rare sounds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic feedback control of neural activity

    Jonathan P Newman et al.
    The 'Optoclamp' is a feedback control technology that enables precise, continuously updated, closed-loop optical control of neural firing both in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetic inhibition-mediated activity-dependent modification of CA1 pyramidal-interneuron connections during behavior

    Igor Gridchyn et al.
    The optogenetic manipulation of hippocampal neuronal circuit activity revealed plastic changes of pyramidal-interneuron connections in behaving animals, which were primarily governed by the firing rate change of postsynaptic interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric effects of activating and inactivating cortical interneurons

    Elizabeth AK Phillips, Andrea R Hasenstaub
    The consequences of manipulating neuronal activity with techniques such as optogenetics are highly sensitive to methodological details, highlighting the need for caution when interpreting results.