2,568 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct modulation of GFAP-expressing glia in the arcuate nucleus bi-directionally regulates feeding

    Naiyan Chen et al.
    Glial fibrillary acidic protein-expressing glia in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus modulate feeding in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Antagonistic modulation of NPY/AgRP and POMC neurons in the arcuate nucleus by noradrenalin

    Lars Paeger et al.
    The coordinated differential modulation of satiety signaling POMC- and hunger signaling AgRP- neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus assigns an important role to noradrenalin to promote feeding.
    1. Neuroscience

    Arcuate nucleus and lateral hypothalamic CART neurons in the mouse brain exert opposing effects on energy expenditure

    Aitak Farzi et al.
    CART exerts differential metabolic effects in response to activation of neurons of the Arc, where CART suppresses energy expenditure, while it enforces the reward characteristics of the LHA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Involvement of the Acyl-CoA binding domain containing 7 in the control of food intake and energy expenditure in mice

    Damien Lanfray et al.
    The Acyl-CoA binding domain-containing 7 (Acbd7) gene is expressed in the hypothalamus, encodes a peptide that suppresses appetite, increases metabolic rate and interacts with the leptin-melanocortin system.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-frequency stimulation-induced peptide release synchronizes arcuate kisspeptin neurons and excites GnRH neurons

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Kisspeptin neurons in the hypothalamus release peptide and amino acid neurotransmitters that work together to coordinate the activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons and subsequent release of reproductive hormones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Using subthreshold events to characterize the functional architecture of the electrically coupled inferior olive network

    Yaara Lefler et al.
    Non-synaptic electrical events recorded simultaneously from pairs of neurons in the inferior olive nucleus enables accurate estimation of the size and of the clustered organization of the electrically coupled network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuation of dopamine-modulated prefrontal value signals underlies probabilistic reward learning deficits in old age

    Lieke de Boer et al.
    Attenuated anticipatory activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex is modulated by dopamine D1 receptor density in nucleus accumbens, and accounts for impaired probabilistic reward learning in older adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sex-specific pubertal and metabolic regulation of Kiss1 neurons via Nhlh2

    Silvia Leon et al.
    The transcription factor Nhlh2 is a marker of arcuate Kiss1 neurons in adulthood that activates the promotor activity of Kiss1 and Tac3 genes and controls puberty onset and the response of KNDy neurons to leptin in male mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Highly redundant neuropeptide volume co-transmission underlying episodic activation of the GnRH neuron dendron

    Xinhuai Liu et al.
    The arcuate nucleus kisspeptin neurons express multiple transmitters but use only the neuropeptide kisspeptin to drive the episodic secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone.
    1. Neuroscience

    Estrogenic-dependent glutamatergic neurotransmission from kisspeptin neurons governs feeding circuits in females

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Estrogen increases hypothalamic arcuate kisspeptin neuronal excitability and glutamate release to coordinate autonomic functions for maximizing reproductive success.

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