294 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular nucleus induces fast and local modulation of arousal state

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    A neural circuit that can selectively induce sleep-like patterns in small regions of the brain demonstrates how sleep and arousal states may be controlled in local brain regions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential regulation of the Drosophila sleep homeostat by circadian and arousal inputs

    Jinfei D Ni et al.
    Functional imaging and circuit mapping in the Drosophila brain identifies neuropils where sleep-promoting and arousal-promoting neuronal networks converge.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioural and neural signatures of perceptual decision-making are modulated by pupil-linked arousal

    Jochem van Kempen et al.
    A direct relationship between pupil diameter and electrophysiological correlates of attention, sensory stimulus processing and target detection was observed demonstrating that arousal has a substantial influence on perceptual decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurocalcin regulates nighttime sleep and arousal in Drosophila

    Ko-Fan Chen et al.
    The neuronal calcium sensor Neurocalcin regulates sleep and arousal thresholds during the night in Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    An electrophysiological marker of arousal level in humans

    Janna D Lendner et al.
    Non-oscillatory brain activity can be used to monitor arousal levels during both NREM and REM sleep as well as under general anesthesia with propofol.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupil-linked phasic arousal predicts a reduction of choice bias across species and decision domains

    Jan Willem de Gee et al.
    Across species and domains of decision-making, pupil-linked phasic arousal predicts suppression biases in the accumulation of evidence leading up to a choice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unexpected arousal modulates the influence of sensory noise on confidence

    Micah Allen et al.
    Changes in physiological arousal – as revealed by pupil dilation and heart rate – shape our confidence in decisions about uncertain perceptual information.
    1. Neuroscience

    A highly tunable dopaminergic oscillator generates ultradian rhythms of behavioral arousal

    Ian D Blum et al.
    An internal clock based on brain levels of dopamine works with the circadian clock to maintain daily patterns of alertness and activity, and may be implicated in the altered behavioral patterns seen in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic behavior of the locus coeruleus during arousal-related memory processing in a multi-modal 7T fMRI paradigm

    Heidi IL Jacobs et al.
    By combining ultra-high-field imaging with physiological and saliva measures it is established that interactions between locus coeruleus, hippocampus and amygdala vary along emotional memory stages, putatively reflecting distinct cognitive states.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of sleep homeostasis by sexual arousal

    Esteban J Beckwith et al.
    Sexual arousal, exposure to aphrodisiac pheromones, or mere activation of peripheral pheromone-sensing neurons can modulate sleep homeostasis and are able to counteract the effects of sleep deprivation in Drosophila.

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