364 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular nucleus induces fast and local modulation of arousal state

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    A neural circuit that can selectively induce sleep-like patterns in small regions of the brain demonstrates how sleep and arousal states may be controlled in local brain regions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurovascular coupling and bilateral connectivity during NREM and REM sleep

    Kevin L Turner et al.
    Sleep-related hemodynamic signals are much larger than those in the awake brain, so it is crucial to monitor the arousal state during studies of spontaneous activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local cortical desynchronization and pupil-linked arousal differentially shape brain states for optimal sensory performance

    Leonhard Waschke et al.
    The momentary levels of local cortical desynchronization and pupil-linked arousal pose dissociable influences not only on the processing of sensory information but also on human perceptual performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    An electrophysiological marker of arousal level in humans

    Janna D Lendner et al.
    Non-oscillatory brain activity can be used to monitor arousal levels during both NREM and REM sleep as well as under general anesthesia with propofol.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unexpected arousal modulates the influence of sensory noise on confidence

    Micah Allen et al.
    Changes in physiological arousal – as revealed by pupil dilation and heart rate – shape our confidence in decisions about uncertain perceptual information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different types of theta rhythmicity are induced by social and fearful stimuli in a network associated with social memory

    Alex Tendler, Shlomo Wagner
    Variations in the frequency of theta brain waves enable a single network of brain regions to generate appropriate responses to stimuli with different kinds of emotional value.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vocal and locomotor coordination develops in association with the autonomic nervous system

    Morgan L Gustison et al.
    Marmoset monkeys develop their vocal behavior prior to their postural and locomotor skills, but the coordination of these two motor systems emerges gradually via changes in arousal level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frequency-selective control of cortical and subcortical networks by central thalamus

    Jia Liu et al.
    Central thalamus relay neurons dynamically switch the activity of cortical and subcortical networks at distinct frequencies, providing a mechanism for this region's role in arousal regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A sleep state in Drosophila larvae required for neural stem cell proliferation

    Milan Szuperak et al.
    A role for sleep in developmental neurogenesis is revealed using a new system for studying sleep during nascent periods.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of octopaminergic neurons that modulate sleep suppression by male sex drive

    Daniel R Machado et al.
    The balance between sleep and sex drives determines whether male flies sleep or court, and a subset of octopaminergic neurons interact with the Fruitless-expressing courtship circuit to suppress sleep for sustained courtship.

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