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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Enhanced stability and polyadenylation of select mRNAs support rapid thermogenesis in the brown fat of a hibernator

    Katharine R Grabek et al.
    In the torpid hibernator, when transcription is inhibited, enhanced stability and polyadenylation explain increased abundance of crucial transcripts required for intense non-shivering thermogenesis during arousal.
    1. Neuroscience

    A sleep state in Drosophila larvae required for neural stem cell proliferation

    Milan Szuperak et al.
    A role for sleep in developmental neurogenesis is revealed using a new system for studying sleep during nascent periods.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brainstem network dynamics underlying the encoding of bladder information

    Anitha Manohar et al.
    Neural and network activity within a pontine-cortical micturition circuit are finely coordinated with urodynamics to assure appropriate voiding behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupil diameter encodes the idiosyncratic, cognitive complexity of belief updating

    Alexandre LS Filipowicz et al.
    Pupil-linked arousal dynamics are influenced more strongly by high-level internal belief states than by low-level sensory events during decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    fMRI-based detection of alertness predicts behavioral response variability

    Sarah E Goodale et al.
    Time-varying states of alertness that shape behavioral responses may be detected from fMRI signal patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable pupillary signatures of perception and action during perceptual multistability

    Jan W Brascamp et al.
    When conscious visual perception changes, the observer's pupils simultaneously signal the accompanying change in visual cortical representation, and specific neuromodulatory activity that helps translate the altered visual experience into behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of octopaminergic neurons that modulate sleep suppression by male sex drive

    Daniel R Machado et al.
    The balance between sleep and sex drives determines whether male flies sleep or court, and a subset of octopaminergic neurons interact with the Fruitless-expressing courtship circuit to suppress sleep for sustained courtship.
    1. Neuroscience

    P1 interneurons promote a persistent internal state that enhances inter-male aggression in Drosophila

    Eric D Hoopfer et al.
    A sexually dimorphic circuit node controls a persistent, internal state that promotes fighting and mating in Drosophila, revealing parallels with mammalian systems suggestive of a conserved circuit "motif" controlling social behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amygdala neural activity reflects spatial attention towards stimuli promising reward or threatening punishment

    Christopher J Peck, C Daniel Salzman
    Primate amygdala neurons provide a coordinated representation of space and motivational significance whereby amygdala responses to visual stimuli predicting either rewards or aversive stimuli could influence spatial attention in a similar manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA neurons in the ventral tegmental area regulate non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice

    Srikanta Chowdhury et al.
    Functional identification of GABAergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area as a important neuronal subpopulation regulating non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep in mice.