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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Tumor Evolution: Finding the mutations that drive resistance

    Nadine Bley
    Mutations that allow tumors to evolve and become resistant to treatment can be readily identified with a new sequencing approach.
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    1. Ecology

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Neuroscience

    Low-frequency neural activity reflects rule-based chunking during speech listening

    Peiqing Jin et al.
    Neuroimaging reveals that the brain response to spoken language can be better explained by rule-based models than statistical models recently developed in artificial intelligence research.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mortality: The challenges of estimating biological age

    Alexey Moskalev
    A comparison of nine different approaches over a period of 20 years reveals the most promising indicators for biological age.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Towards a mechanistic foundation of evolutionary theory

    Michael Doebeli et al.
    A description of evolution that is based on birth-death processes, and in which fitness is at most a derived quantity, is advocated.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Adrenergic activation modulates the signal from the Reissner fiber to cerebrospinal fluid-contacting neurons during development

    Yasmine Cantaut-Belarif et al.
    The Reissner fiber in the cerebrospinal fluid is required for a signal integrated by developing sensory neurons and modulated by catecholamines to control the embryo posterior axis morphogenesis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    BiteOscope, an open platform to study mosquito biting behavior

    Felix JH Hol et al.
    A new tool to visualize blood-feeding mosquitoes in high resolution and quantitatively characterize their behavior sheds light on contact-dependent sensing and blood-feeding dynamics of several medically relevant mosquito species.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High-resolution mapping of fluoroquinolones in TB rabbit lesions reveals specific distribution in immune cell types

    Landry Blanc et al.
    Penetration of the fluoroquinolones in tuberculosis lesions is heterogeneous even in fully cellular areas, is driven by macrophage content and decreases as the distance from lesion outer rim increases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unsupervised discovery of temporal sequences in high-dimensional datasets, with applications to neuroscience

    Emily L Mackevicius et al.
    Building on simple unsupervised matrix factorization techniques, the seqNMF algorithm successfully recovers neural sequences in a wide range of simulated and real datasets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Abscisic acid dynamics in roots detected with genetically encoded FRET sensors

    Alexander M Jones et al.
    Fluorescent sensors for the hormone abscisic acid have been developed using a high-throughput platform, and used to monitor hormone dynamics in plant roots and leaves.