20 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The aryl hydrocarbon receptor and interferon gamma generate antiviral states via transcriptional repression

    Tonya Kueck et al.
    Distinct antiviral signaling pathways, triggered by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and Interferon-gamma, converge on CDK/cyclin repression, causing inhibition of viral DNA synthesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Epidermal barrier defects link atopic dermatitis with altered skin cancer susceptibility

    Sara Cipolat et al.
    A mouse model of atopic dermatitis provides mechanistic evidence for an association between allergic disease and skin cancer.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mechanism of allosteric regulation of β2-adrenergic receptor by cholesterol

    Moutusi Manna et al.
    Atomistic simulations reveal how lipids can allosterically modulate membrane receptors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Differential methylation between ethnic sub-groups reflects the effect of genetic ancestry and environmental exposures

    Joshua M Galanter et al.
    An epigenome-wide study shows that ethnic self-identification and genetically determined ancestry both make important independent contributions to DNA methylation levels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of phosphatidylcholine recognition by the C2–domain of cytosolic phospholipase A2α

    Yoshinori Hirano et al.
    The C2-domain of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2α is structurally designed to target PC-rich membrane regions to increase the enzymatic efficiency of the catalytic domain, which prefers PCs with polyunsaturated acyl chains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NRF2 regulates core and stabilizing circadian clock loops, coupling redox and timekeeping in Mus musculus

    Ryan S Wible et al.
    NRF2 is the mechanism through which oxidative signals directly input into the circadian clockwork to link metabolism and timekeeping in Mus musculus.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs

    Leah Guthrie et al.
    A network of the gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs and supports the generation of mechanistic hypotheses of microbiome metabolic phenotypes that shape human biology.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    HIF-1α regulates IL-1β and IL-17 in sarcoidosis

    Jaya Talreja et al.
    Sarcoidosis, a granulomatous disease characterized by macrophage and T-cell activation, is found to be associated with increased HIF-1α transcriptional activity, and modulation of HIF-1α regulates inflammatory immune responses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generation of human hepatic progenitor cells with regenerative and metabolic capacities from primary hepatocytes

    Takeshi Katsuda et al.
    Human chemically induced liver progenitors (hCLiPs), which are generated from primary human hepatocytes, exhibit the potential to repopulate injured livers of host mice with efficiency > 90%.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The genome and phenome of the green alga Chloroidium sp. UTEX 3007 reveal adaptive traits for desert acclimatization

    David R Nelson et al.
    Euryhaline green algae utilise intracellular osmoprotectant modulation and specialised redox enzyme networks to successfully inhabit a desert coastline.

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