127 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic APP levels and synaptic homeostasis are regulated by Akt phosphorylation of huntingtin

    Julie Bruyère et al.
    Reducing Akt-mediated huntingtin phosphorylation decreases APP accumulation at the synapse by reducing its anterograde axonal transport and ameliorates learning and memory in a mouse model of familial Alzheimer disease.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A tudor domain protein, SIMR-1, promotes siRNA production at piRNA-targeted mRNAs in C. elegans

    Kevin I Manage et al.
    SIMR-1 acts downstream of the piRNA pathway to promote siRNA amplification by the Mutator complex and localizes to perinuclear foci distinct from Mutator foci, P granules and Z granules.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Distinct mitochondrial defects trigger the integrated stress response depending on the metabolic state of the cell

    Eran Mick et al.
    Mitochondrial electron transport chain dysfunction triggers the integrated stress response due to an asparagine deficiency downstream of impaired NADH oxidation in proliferating myoblasts, but not in differentiated myotubes.
    1. Plant Biology

    The biogenesis of CLEL peptides involves several processing events in consecutive compartments of the secretory pathway

    Nils Stührwohldt et al.
    Step-wise processing of plant peptide hormone precursors by subtilisin-like proteinases in consecutive compartments of the secretory pathway is required for formation and secretion of the bioactive peptides.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An atypical DYRK kinase connects quorum-sensing with posttranscriptional gene regulation in Trypanosoma brucei

    Mathieu Cayla et al.
    A trypanosome DYRK kinase that exhibits fundamental differences to conventional DYRK family regulation links parasite quorum sensing, signal transduction and developmental gene expression.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Drosophila TRIM32 cooperates with glycolytic enzymes to promote cell growth

    Simranjot Bawa et al.
    TRIM32-mediated glycolytic flux generates precursors that are utilized for biomass production in non-dividing muscle, brain and tumor cells, demonstrating a universal metabolic function for TRIM32 in cell growth.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stop codon context influences genome-wide stimulation of termination codon readthrough by aminoglycosides

    Jamie R Wangen, Rachel Green
    Ribosome profiling reveals genome-wide stimulation of stop codon readthrough by aminoglycosides that is influenced sequence context.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial cell cycle control by citrate synthase independent of enzymatic activity

    Matthieu Bergé et al.
    A key enzyme of central energy metabolism, citrate synthase, regulates bacterial cell cycle progression at a very specific stage (S-phase) and independently of its enzymatic activity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Effect of helical kink in antimicrobial peptides on membrane pore formation

    Alzbeta Tuerkova et al.
    Proline/glycine kink in the helical peptides affects the peptide ability to form membrane pores by stabilising toroidal pore structures but disrupting barrel-stave pore structures.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A Fyn biosensor reveals pulsatile, spatially localized kinase activity and signaling crosstalk in live mammalian cells

    Ananya Mukherjee et al.
    Unique biosensor design and protein-engineering enables direct visualization of the active form of Fyn kinase with high specificity, minimal perturbation and shows cellular signaling to be compartmentalized and pulsatile.

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