124 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    LARP1 functions as a molecular switch for mTORC1-mediated translation of an essential class of mRNAs

    Sungki Hong et al.
    LARP1 turns off and on the translation of an essential class of mRNAs by acting as a key effecter and regulator for mTORC1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Non-classical amine recognition evolved in a large clade of olfactory receptors

    Qian Li et al.
    Fish trace amine-associated receptors evolved a novel structural motif that enables the detection of chemically diverse amine odors in a non-canonical 'inverted' orientation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Snf1/AMPK promotes the formation of Kog1/Raptor-bodies to increase the activation threshold of TORC1 in budding yeast

    James E Hughes Hallett et al.
    The key Target of Rapamycin Complex (TORC1) component Kog1 moves into bodies during glucose starvation to limit reactivation of the complex.
    1. Cell Biology

    Sec24 phosphorylation regulates autophagosome abundance during nutrient deprivation

    Saralin Davis et al.
    Phosphorylation of a core trafficking component, the COPII coat subunit Sec24, regulates cross-talk between the secretory and autophagy machinery during starvation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Environment determines evolutionary trajectory in a constrained phenotypic space

    David T Fraebel et al.
    Experimental evolution shows that when selection acts on two traits constrained by a trade-off, the direction of phenotypic evolution depends on the environment.
    1. Developmental Biology

    CED-3 caspase acts with miRNAs to regulate non-apoptotic gene expression dynamics for robust development in C. elegans

    Benjamin P Weaver et al.
    A broadly used gene expression regulatory mechanism inactivates targets by CED-3-caspase-mediated proteolysis and works in parallel to miRNAs for diverse non-apoptotic developmental functions.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatiotemporal control of mitotic exit during anaphase by an aurora B-Cdk1 crosstalk

    Olga Afonso et al.
    Quantitative live-cell microscopy and molecular perturbations in Drosophila and human cells reveal a crosstalk between molecular 'rulers' (Aurora B) and 'clocks' (Cdk1) that coordinates mitotic exit in space and time.
    1. Plant Biology

    The biogenesis of CLEL peptides involves several processing events in consecutive compartments of the secretory pathway

    Nils Stührwohldt et al.
    Step-wise processing of plant peptide hormone precursors by subtilisin-like proteinases in consecutive compartments of the secretory pathway is required for formation and secretion of the bioactive peptides.
    1. Cell Biology

    p97-dependent retrotranslocation and proteolytic processing govern formation of active Nrf1 upon proteasome inhibition

    Senthil K Radhakrishnan et al.
    The enzyme p97/VCP regulates the activity of the transcription factor Nrf1 to promote increased transcription of genes that encode proteasome subunits following inhibition of the proteasome.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for isoform-specific kinesin-1 recognition of Y-acidic cargo adaptors

    Stefano Pernigo et al.
    X-ray crystallography reveals how kinesin-1 recognises a novel class of cargo adaptor motifs in an isoform-specific manner.

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