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1,409 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Surface-to-volume scaling and aspect ratio preservation in rod-shaped bacteria

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Rod-shaped bacteria preserve their aspect ratios and surface-to-volume scaling by maintaining a homeostatic balance between the rates of cell elongation and division protein synthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Temporal profiling of redox-dependent heterogeneity in single cells

    Meytal Radzinski et al.
    Analysis of aging yeast cells using the in-vivo roGFP2-based probe reveals redox-dependent heterogeneity, reflected in a bi-modal distribution of the oxidation status, differential growth and replication, as well as distinct proteomic and transcriptomic profiles.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Affinity and dose of TCR engagement yield proportional enhancer and gene activity in CD4+ T cells

    Karmel A Allison et al.
    Pre-existing enhancers interpret T cell signaling strength in an analogue manner to direct quantitative changes in gene expression within the context of an overall digital response.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Control of plant cell fate transitions by transcriptional and hormonal signals

    Christophe Gaillochet et al.
    HEC transcription factors control the timing of cell fate transitions in a dynamic stem cell system, allowing plants to adapt their developmental program to diverse environments.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Lymph node stromal cells constrain immunity via MHC class II self-antigen presentation

    Antonio P Baptista et al.
    MHC class II-mediated self-antigen presentation by lymph node stromal cells controls regulatory T cell homeostasis, thus safeguarding immune tolerance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic mitochondria regulate hair-cell synapse size and function

    Hiu-tung C Wong et al.
    Mitochondrial calcium influx plays distinct roles in presynapse formation, function and stability in sensory hair cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDIA1/P4HB is required for efficient proinsulin maturation and ß cell health in response to diet induced obesity

    Insook Jang et al.
    The major protein disulfide isomerase family member, PDIA1, is essential in beta cells of mice fed a high-fat diet to maintain glucose homeostasis, proinsulin maturation and organelle integrity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The periaqueductal gray and Bayesian integration in placebo analgesia

    Arvina Grahl et al.
    Bayesian integration is able to predict placebo treatment outcomes by focusing especially on the influence of the precision of expectations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondria supply ATP to the ER through a mechanism antagonized by cytosolic Ca2+

    Jing Yong et al.
    ATP enters the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen through an SLC35B1/AXER-dependentCaATiER mechanism, and ATP usage in the ER renders 'anti-Warburg' effect by increasing ATP regeneration from OxPhos while decreasing glycolysis.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Long-term live imaging of the Drosophila adult midgut reveals real-time dynamics of division, differentiation and loss

    Judy Lisette Martin et al.
    A new platform for imaging live Drosophila adults yields vivid movies of the midgut over prolonged time scales, opening the door to the real-time study of organ renewal dynamics in a near-native context.

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