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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host sirtuin 2 as an immunotherapeutic target against tuberculosis

    Ashima Bhaskar et al.
    The inhibition of host Sirtuin-2 by AGK2 restricts mycobacterial growth in vivo by modulation of host transcriptome leading to activation of protective immune responses.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Mitigating memory effects during undulatory locomotion on hysteretic materials

    Perrin E Schiebel et al.
    Undulatory animals moving on the surface must manage material memory by either having a slender anatomy that facilitates avoiding previously remodeled substrate, or using waveshapes that effectively utilize the memory.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial ClpX activates an essential biosynthetic enzyme through partial unfolding

    Julia R Kardon et al.
    The mitochondrial protein unfoldase ClpX activates the first enzyme in heme biosynthesis, ALAS, by targeted unfolding that gates access of cofactor to the ALAS active site.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of posterior body and epidermal morphogenesis in zebrafish by localized Yap1 and Wwtr1

    David Kimelman et al.
    Analysis of a double mutant in the Hippo pathway transcription factors Yap1 and Wwtr1 reveals novel roles for these factors in posterior body formation and epidermal morphogenesis in the vertebrate embryo.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dullard-mediated Smad1/5/8 inhibition controls mouse cardiac neural crest cells condensation and outflow tract septation

    Jean-François Darrigrand et al.
    New views on the relevance of bone morphogenetic protein signalling fine tuning in the cardiac neural crest cells for the heart outflow tract septation and the formation of the great arteries.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    External validation of postnatal gestational age estimation using newborn metabolic profiles in Matlab, Bangladesh

    Malia SQ Murphy et al.
    Gestational age estimation models derived from newborn screening bloodspot samples are effective on data obtained from both heel prick and cord blood samples in low-resource settings.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Myosin V executes steps of variable length via structurally constrained diffusion

    David Hathcock et al.
    A theoretical model comprehensively describes the stepping dynamics of the motor protein myosin V, unraveling the significance of a recently discovered structural constraint on the angle between its lever arms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis SatS is a chaperone for the SecA2 protein export pathway

    Brittany K Miller et al.
    SatS of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a new protein export chaperone with a role in exporting proteins by the specialized SecA2 pathway and a role in intracellular growth in macrophages.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Diverse and complex muscle spindle afferent firing properties emerge from multiscale muscle mechanics

    Kyle P Blum et al.
    Diverse muscle spindle firing, critical for a range of sensorimotor behaviors, is compactly explained by first principles of force development in specialized muscle fibers within the sensors.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Oligomerization of a molecular chaperone modulates its activity

    Tomohide Saio et al.
    A combined NMR and kinetic study demonstrates how the dynamic transition of a molecular chaperone between different oligomerization states can modulate its activity by altering the binding kinetics and energetics of non-native proteins.