28 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Associability-modulated loss learning is increased in posttraumatic stress disorder

    Vanessa M Brown et al.
    Veterans with PTSD show increased attention to a history of unexpected outcomes during loss learning, both as measured by computational model-derived behavioral parameters and in increased neural signaling in amygdala and insula.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased anxiety and decreased sociability induced by paternal deprivation involve the PVN-PrL OTergic pathway

    Zhixiong He et al.
    The PVN-mPFC OT circuit is an important target for the treatment of disorders related to early adverse experiences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Associative learning changes cross-modal representations in the gustatory cortex

    Roberto Vincis, Alfredo Fontanini
    Cross-modal stimuli are represented in the primary gustatory cortex according to their sensory identity, associability and predictive value.
    1. Neuroscience

    Eco-HAB as a fully automated and ecologically relevant assessment of social impairments in mouse models of autism

    Alicja Puścian et al.
    An innovative, fully computerized approach for measuring spontaneous social behavior in mice closely follows murine ethology, eliminates crucial sources of data irreproducibility and enables fast, inexpensive assessment of sociability in group-housed subjects.
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Normal cognitive and social development require posterior cerebellar activity

    Aleksandra Badura et al.
    Social and cognitive functions require normal activity during development of the posterior cerebellum.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value generalization in human avoidance learning

    Agnes Norbury et al.
    Individual differences in generalization of aversive value (but not safety information) during human active avoidance learning specifically predict experience of anxiety and intrusive thoughts.
    1. Neuroscience

    A molecular mechanism underlying gustatory memory trace for an association in the insular cortex

    Chinnakkaruppan Adaikkan, Kobi Rosenblum
    The role of CaMKII-GluA1 in the cortex in maintaining a given taste memory trace for an aversive association has been elucidated.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific depletion of the motor protein KIF5B leads to deficits in dendritic transport, synaptic plasticity and memory

    Junjun Zhao et al.
    Two homologous kinesin motors, KIF5A and KIF5B, have distinct functions in dendritic spine morphogenesis, and KIF5B plays a role in synaptic plasticity and memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opposite initialization to novel cues in dopamine signaling in ventral and posterior striatum in mice

    William Menegas et al.
    Dopamine novelty signals are localized in the posterior tail of the striatum along with general salience signals, while dopamine in the ventral striatum reliably encodes reward prediction error.

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